The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition
Edited By Greg S. Goodman
35. Social and Personal Development
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Social and Personal Development
In this chapter, we will first review key theories of personal and social development as we explore how these theories relate to your educational practices. As we have seen, students’ learning and motivation to learn are closely tied to the process of personal and social development. Without deeply understanding this issue, our educational practices could largely miss the target. In the second half of the chapter, we will critically examine the basic assumptions employed by these theories and explore alternative paths in light of East Asian epistemology.
FREUD FOR EDUCATORS
No one would doubt that Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) is one of the most popular figures in psychology. His name and his way of practicing psychoanalysis have often appeared in popular media (including Charles Schulz’s Peanuts). If you say you are learning psychology, people will almost always assume that you are studying Freudian psychoanalysis.
Then what is Freudian psychology? What could educators learn from it? What assumptions underlie Freudian theory? And what are possible alternative assumptions we should employ as educators? Let’s first review this theory starting from its historical development.
Freud was born into a Jewish family in Moravia, which was then a part of the Austrian Empire. After graduating from the University of Vienna, he began his psychiatric practice with a variety of patients who visited his office. Through his practice,...
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