The Art and Science of How People Learn - Revised Edition
Edited By Greg S. Goodman
47. The Common Core State Standards
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The Common Core State Standards
Media have an intrepid way of diminishing the efficacy of U.S. schools. Their headlines and summaries are volatile yet obscure and mask the realities of student achievement. The actual test scores suggest that U.S. students’ scores surpass the average for the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) countries. However, U.S. students were outperformed primarily by students in countries such as Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, and Singapore. With the response from the media and the reality of education in the U.S., spirited controversies ensue. These controversies surround the issue. Educators and the public expect the schools to meet and even exceed educational standards. Given that standards represent the minimum expectations or the “building code” for education, educators and the public would strongly support an educational system that surpasses the expectations that are inherent in the standards. Although, prior to any consideration of supplementing the curriculum, intentional decisions must be made regarding the existing standards and the alignment with these standards.
FRAMEWORK FOR CURRICULUM
It is difficult to address assessment without also considering curriculum and instruction. This triad of curriculum, instruction, and assessment represents a reciprocal process where each entity is influenced by the other. The term curriculum tends to reference the other two. If curriculum is defined in its broadest sense, as suggested by John Dewey (1938) it may be regarded as “all the...
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