Theories, Practices, Policies- Foreword by Indira V. Samarasekera
Edited By Lynette Shultz, Ali A. Abdi and George H. Richardson
18. African Higher Education and Global Citizenship Education: Some Perspectives from Zimbabwe Michael Kariwo 236
CHAPTER 18 African Higher Education and Global Citizenship Education: Some Perspectives from Zimbabwe Michael Kariwo Introduction There are many challenges in developing countries regarding education and social development. Quite often it is a question of deciding priorities given limited and scarce resources. As a result what might appear attractive in the North as viable educa- tional reform may not be appropriate for the South given the economic, political, so- ciological and cultural differences. In this chapter I reflect on the conceptual difference in global citizenship education between the North and the South and I make specific references to Zimbabwe. I argue that because of tensions between local and international agendas the African countries have tended to be suspicious of glob- alization and even global education. I suggest, as a way forward, an African view of how to reconstruct global citizenship education and in higher education this involves rethinking the university model. What Is Global Citizenship Education? There are multi-perspectives in the literature and the definition very much depends on “whose” view is applied to defining the term. The definition of citizenship educa- tion is less clear because of the way it is used in many references interchangeably with globalization. Some authors have argued that defining global citizenship education is not necessary, as it would present a narrow view of the concept. I see things differently because a number of definitions are already in use. I discuss these definitions under the following interconnected themes: globalization, global education marketization and global citizenship...
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