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Chinese Syntactic Grammar

Functional and Conceptual Principles

Series:

Jian Kang Loar

Chinese Syntactic Grammar: Functional and Conceptual Principles is unique in that it discusses the organizational principles of Chinese syntactic structures in terms of conceptual and functional principles, which are iconic and hence are easy to understand and apply. The organizational principles mainly comprise the three Chinese conceptual principles of Temporal Sequence, Temporal Scope, and Whole-Before-Part (Tai, 1985) and the two functional principles of Communicative Dynamism and the Principle of Topic-End Focus. By analyzing the semantic roles of each clause element, Chinese Syntactic Grammar reveals that the conceptual principles play a crucial role in organizing ideas and bringing units (such as subject, verb, and object) together to form grammatical sequences, which manifest S (A) V O (C), which is the basic Chinese word order. The functional principles control and govern variations of the basic sentence structure, which are motivated to facilitate effective communication and achieve specific communicative goals, thus generating several special structures, including the Bá/Bèi/null Bèi sentences, etc. The variant forms are motivated to achieve special communicative goals, and to facilitate effective communication.
Another feature of the book is that it focuses on reasons, rather than merely on a description of rules. The language is lucid, and the arguments are cogent. The scope and depth of the investigation make the volume one of the most thorough and relatively complete pedagogical reference books. Chinese Syntactic Grammar can serve as a textbook for training professional CFL teachers. It is a must-read book for Mandarin Chinese teachers as a handy manual, also for intermediate and advanced Chinese learners if they want to have deeper insight into the nature of the Chinese language. Linguists who are interested in cognitive grammar and specialists across many fields including education, psychology, communication, and information science will find the book enlightening and interesting.

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Index 489

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Index Acceptability of sentences, 408 Accessible topic referent, 408, 440, 444, 445 Accomplishment, 116, 117 Achievement verb, 117 Achievement verbs and time-measure complement, 173 Action-measure complement, 161 Active topic referent, 408 Activity verb of high transitivity, 298, 320 Activity verbs, 116 Actor, 345 Actor/Undergoer Hierarchy, 346, 347, 348, 353 Additive compound sentence, 235 Adjective modifiers, 248, 250, 262, 265, 275 Adjectives used as the predicate, 280 Adverbial clause functions as topic expression, 372 Adverbial clauses of concession, 215 Adverbial clauses of condition, 217 Adverbials of backward span, 58 of direction, 41 of instrument, 47 of manner, 45 of means, 46 of position, 37, 38 of source, 41, 42, 43 Affected, 291, 345 Affected object (Patient), 29, 291 Affected subject, 26 Affectedness, 15, 23, 320, 345, 346, 347, 349, 350 Agent, 290 Agent-oriented adverb, 326 Alternative compound sentence, 235 Alternative conditional-concessive clause, 221, 222 Amplifying adverbials, 76 Approximation, 65 Arguments, 18, 21, 23, 24 Aspect, 118 Aspectual feature of Chinese activity verbs, 121 Attribute of identification, 477 Attributive modifiers, 251 Bǎ construction, 293 Backward span, 54, 55 Bare NP, 377, 378, 381 Bare Yǒu sentence, 415 Basic word order of SVO, 14 Basis of comparison, 430 Bèi construction, 317 bìjìng, 81 Bounded event, 176, 300, 303, 352 bù shì…jiùshì, 235 bùguǎn/wúlùn shuí, nǎr…yě/dōu, 222 Causality, 294, 295, 296, 307 Causative structure, 294 Causing event, 294, 295, 296, 309 Changing nature of the event, 356 cháo/xiàng/w...

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