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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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10 Accent and Vocalization in Words with Changeable Vowels


The long vowels â, ê, and ô can be changeable. When they have been lengthened from the short vowels a, i, or u, the lengthening or even the entire vowel also falls out again under particular conditions of accent.

10.1 Tone Syllable and Pre-Tone Syllable

Tone Syllable

The changeable long vowels â, ê, and ô, which are lengthened from a, i, and u, stand in the tone syllable. Most of the time, the tone syllable is the last syllable of a word.1

Pre-Tone Syllable

The variable vowels can also stand in the pre-tone syllable. The pre-tone syllable is the open syllable before the tone syllable. A variably longer vowel in the syllable before the stress is called a pre-tone-vowel.

Instead of long ê and long ô, a Schwa often already stands in the pre-tone syllable.

10.2 Unaccented Syllable before the Pre-Tone Syllable

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