10 Accent and Vocalization in Words with Changeable Vowels
The long vowels â, ê, and ô can be changeable. When they have been lengthened from the short vowels a, i, or u, the lengthening or even the entire vowel also falls out again under particular conditions of accent.
10.1 Tone Syllable and Pre-Tone Syllable
The changeable long vowels â, ê, and ô, which are lengthened from a, i, and u, stand in the tone syllable. Most of the time, the tone syllable is the last syllable of a word.1
The variable vowels can also stand in the pre-tone syllable. The pre-tone syllable is the open syllable before the tone syllable. A variably longer vowel in the syllable before the stress is called a pre-tone-vowel.
Instead of long ê and long ô, a Schwa often already stands in the pre-tone syllable.
10.2 Unaccented Syllable before the Pre-Tone Syllable
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