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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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17 Suffixes on Nominals


Most of the time, suffixes on nominals denote possession (German: possessive pronoun “mein/dein/sei” etc.). Their forms are basically like those cited in § 11. Differences arise from the form of the nominal onto which the suffixes are put.

17.1 Suffixes on the Singular


Suffixes on nominals with unchangeable vowels and without the sign of the feminine:

Connecting Vowels

Connecting vowels stand before suffixes that end in a consonant, in particular e or ä and (only before suffixes of the 3rd person) a.


In principle, the vowel before the suffix is accented, other than כֶם and כֶן, which are always accented (heavy suffixes), and ךָ, which is accented in context. Before these three suffixes, the connecting vowel has elided or disappeared (Schwa). ← 54 | 55 →

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