18 Nominals with Helping Vowels (Segolata)
A large group of nominals are described as “Segolata” which in the singular (status absolutus and status constructus) are accented like מֶ֫לֶךְ on the next to last syllable and show a short ä1—sometimes also a (as with נַ֫ﬠַר) —in the last syllable.
18.1 Basic Form and Helping Vowels
When such Segolata take endings, in particular for all suffixes, a form is visible that is called the basic form: If the ending is taken away, a word with doubled final syllable remains.
In the lost-ending form, a whole short helping vowel, denoted with Segol or Patach, fits in between the two ending consonants.2
The form expanded through a helping vowel remains accented on the first syllable, which is now open.
Vowels of the 1st Syllable
Very often the short vowels in the first syllable appear lengthened: i to long e (סֵ֫פֶר), u or å to long o (בֹּ֫קֶר), a (in pause) to long a (מָ֑לֶךְ). In the first syllable, ä also appears very often (מֶ֫לֶךְ), which nowadays is pronounced most of the time as short, even though it stands in an open syllable (→ § 8.2). ← 58 | 59 →
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