21 Nominals Formed Irregularly
אָב “father”: In the singular, the element י appears, which is probably an old genitive ending. Thus, here the י is not a sign of the plural. The suffix (הוּ) of the 3ms is contracted with the preceding i to יו; the plural ending is וֹת.1
אָח “brother”: The singular forms are formed just like אָב. In the plural the first syllable is virtually doubled in part. Before Chet (ח) with Qames there is compensatory lengthening to Segol.
אָחוֹת “sister”: וֹת is here not a sign of the plural. For the plural there is only a suffix form, in 5 cases from the expanded form אַחְיוֹת*.
בֵּן “son”: In the plural, long a stands as a pre-tone vowel (thus changeable → § 10).
בַּת “daughter”: with ending ת the feminine of בֵּן. The נ appears assimilated in the doubled suffix form of the singular (*bin > *bint > *binti > *bitti). ← 65 | 66 →
21.2 Man and Woman
אִישׁ “man”: Regular singular form, plural from the root אנשׁ* (→ אֱנוֺשׁ “mankind”).
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