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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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21 Nominals Formed Irregularly


21.1 Relationships

אָב “father”: In the singular, the element י appears, which is probably an old genitive ending. Thus, here the י is not a sign of the plural. The suffix (הוּ) of the 3ms is contracted with the preceding i to יו; the plural ending is וֹת.1

אָח “brother”: The singular forms are formed just like אָב. In the plural the first syllable is virtually doubled in part. Before Chet (ח) with Qames there is compensatory lengthening to Segol.

אָחוֹת “sister”: וֹת is here not a sign of the plural. For the plural there is only a suffix form, in 5 cases from the expanded form אַחְיוֹת*.

בֵּן “son”: In the plural, long a stands as a pre-tone vowel (thus changeable → § 10).

בַּת “daughter”: with ending ת the feminine of בֵּן. The נ appears assimilated in the doubled suffix form of the singular (*bin > *bint > *binti > *bitti). ← 65 | 66 →

21.2 Man and Woman

אִישׁ “man”: Regular singular form, plural from the root אנשׁ* (→ אֱנוֺשׁ “mankind”).

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