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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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26 Further Personal Forms of the Imperfect Class


26.1 Imperative

Imperative forms appear only in the 2nd person and are distinguished according to number (sing/plur) and gender (m/f).

Imperative forms have the vocalization and the afformatives of the imperfect forms, but not their preformatives.1


The vowel afformatives i (י) and u (וּ) are accented, and in front of these the vowel of the stem syllable disappears.

With the 1st radical arises then a closed syllable with short i (→ § 10.4).

26.2 Modi

In the course of the development of a language, independent modus-forms (for demand, wish, etc.) are to a great extent lost. In Biblical Hebrew other linguistic devices have taken over their functions. Details → on this § 51.

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