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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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27 The Forms of the Afformative Conjugation


27.1 Use

Two tenses are derived from the forms of the afformative conjugation (AC). The perfect is a past-time tense in narrative texts and other texts. The perfect consecutive is a non past-time tense and appears above all in discourse texts. All German equivalents cannot all in all be cited. They depend on the context (→ § 48).

27.2 Formation

The personal forms are distinguished through added endings (afformatives). Only the form of the 3rd person, masculine, singular (3ms) appears without an ending. The afformatives are derived in part from personal pronouns,1 in part from nominal endings.

27.3 The Forms in the Basic Stem (Qal)



Characteristic for the Qal is the long a (pre-tone Qámes → § 10.1) with the 1st radical, which appears in most of the forms.

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