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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew

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Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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30 The Forms of the Nif‘al

Extract



30.1 Overview

30.2 Afformative Conjugation

Prefix “ni”

The feature of the stem, the prefix נִ (on “na” → § 10.4), forms a closed syllable with the 1st radical. It is unchanged in all perfect forms.

As in the Qal, the a with the 2nd radical is preserved before consonantal afformatives; it disappears before vowel afformatives.

30.3 Preformative Conjugation

In the forms of the imperfect class, the Nun of the prefix assimilates to the 1st radical. After the doubling of the 1st radical stands a long â. ← 88 | 89 →

Imperfect

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