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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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37 Weak Verbs with Jod as the 1st Radical (פ״י Verbs)


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37 Weak Verbs with Jod as the 1st Radical (י״פ Verbs)

Weak forms of the few י״פ verbs appear only in the Qal imperfect and in the Hif‘il. Forms of the Qal imperative and infinitive as well as Nif‘al and Hof‘al forms are not substantiated.1

37.1 Weak Forms with i in the Preformative (Qal Imperfect)

All I-י verbs have the imperfect vowel a. The accompanying preformative vowel i is contracted with the Jod to long i.

The open preformative syllable remains preserved also before an accented ending.

37.2 Weak Forms with e in the Preformative (Hif‘il)


In the imperfect class of the Hif‘il2 the preformative vowel a is contracted with the Jod to long e: “ay” > “ai” > “e”

In the imperfect consecutive, the next-to-last syllable can be accented in forms without an ending.3

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