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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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39 Weak Verbs with Final Vowel (ל״ה Verbs)


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39 Weak Verbs with Final Vowel (ה״ל Verbs)

39.1 General Comments

These verbs are originally י״ל or ו״ל verbs, whose forms have to a large extent become like each other. In forms without an ending, He (ה) has entered as a vowel letter for the final vowel in the place of the 3rd radical.

Verbs with original He (ה) as the 3rd radical are strong verbs and take the He as He mappiqatum (הּ → § 34.4).

The unique, strongly-formed form of Lamed-He verbs is the Qal passive participle: גָּלוּי. According to the view of the Masoretes, the Jod in this verb form is a consonant.

39.2 Weak Forms

Since the weakness of these verbs affects the end of the verb form, the features are fundamentally the same in all stems.1

In forms without afformative, ה stands as a vowel letter for a long vowel in final position.

Final Vowels

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