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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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40 Weak Verbs with Final Vowel (ל״א Verbs)


ל״א verbs are originally strong verbs, which have later developed weak forms when the א at the end of the word or syllable had lost its consonantal value.

40.1 Weak Forms

In the forms without an ending and before consonantal afformatives, א is silent and the syllable is open with a long vowel.


The analysis of the weak forms offer no problems, because the Alef in the text has almost never fallen out.

Because many forms of ל״ה and ל״א sound the same (e.g. תִּמְצֶ֫אנָה and תִּגְלֶ֫ינָה), there is a mingling of forms with ל״ה verbs:

40.2 Tables of the ל״א Qal Forms


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