41 Two Radical Verbs with Long Vowel (Hollow Roots or ע״וי Verbs)
41.1 General Comments
These verbs, which were originally two radicals, have a long vowel in the main syllable, which is often written plene with Waw or Jod. Thus, apparently a vowel letter1 Waw or Jod stands in the place of the middle radical; hence the name “hollow roots.”
In the lexicon, the AC Qal forms are not cited, rather (unvocalized) the forms of the Qal infinitive with the vowel letter Waw for the imperfect vowels u (קוּם) and o (בּוֺשׁ) and Jod for the imperfect vowel i (בִּין).
The main syllable has a long vowel, but a also appears short.
Vowel afformatives are unaccented.
Vowels of separation (infix vowels) can stand before consonantal afformatives.
The long vowels a and e in the preformative syllables are unchangeable (pre-tone vowels). ← 122 | 123 →
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