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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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41 Two Radical Verbs with Long Vowel (Hollow Roots or ע״וי Verbs)


41.1 General Comments

These verbs, which were originally two radicals, have a long vowel in the main syllable, which is often written plene with Waw or Jod. Thus, apparently a vowel letter1 Waw or Jod stands in the place of the middle radical; hence the name “hollow roots.”

In the lexicon, the AC Qal forms are not cited, rather (unvocalized) the forms of the Qal infinitive with the vowel letter Waw for the imperfect vowels u (קוּם) and o (בּוֺשׁ) and Jod for the imperfect vowel i (בִּין).

Common Features

The main syllable has a long vowel, but a also appears short.

Vowel afformatives are unaccented.

Vowels of separation (infix vowels) can stand before consonantal afformatives.

The long vowels a and e in the preformative syllables are unchangeable (pre-tone vowels). ← 122 | 123 →

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