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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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42 Two Radical Verbs with Short Vowel (So-Called ע״ע Verbs)


42.1 General Comments

These verbs, which were originally two radicals, have a short vowel in the stem syllable with a doubled 2nd radical (*sabb).

In some forms, the 2nd radical is repeated as the 3rd radical, thus the three-radical forms appear. Among others, this is the case in the 3ms Qal afformative conjugation. For that reason, one can refer to these verbs as three-radical roots (סבב) .1

Strong Forms

The following are always formed strongly:

42.2 Features of the Weak Forms

Common Features

In principle, a short vowel stands in the stem syllable (i.e., the syllable that begins with the 1st radical). Only u (Qal) and i (Hif‘il) are lengthened in the tone syllable to o or e, respectively. ← 129 | 130 →

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