43 Features for the Analysis of Weak Verb Forms
The most important feature for the analysis of weak verb forms is the existence and the form of a preformative syllable.
The preformative syllable can be closed (with strong verbs and Lamed-He and Lamed Alef verbs) with the exception of the sharpened syllables (Dagesch forte in the first visible radical); or the preformative syllable can be open with long vowel (with weak verbs), with the exception of the upbeat syllable (Schwa mobile).
Qal/Pi‘el AC and Infinitive/Imperative forms do not have a preformative.
43.1 Forms with Strengthened Preformative Syllable
In addition to the Nif‘al, a Dagesch forte appears in the first visible radical especially with פ״נ verbs.
Forms that otherwise look like weak forms of פ״נ verbs can be Aramaized forms of two-radical verbs or can come from verbs with Jod (פ״ו) and Sadé. ← 134 | 135 →
43.2 Forms with Preformative
← 135 | 136 →
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