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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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43 Features for the Analysis of Weak Verb Forms


The most important feature for the analysis of weak verb forms is the existence and the form of a preformative syllable.

The preformative syllable can be closed (with strong verbs and Lamed-He and Lamed Alef verbs) with the exception of the sharpened syllables (Dagesch forte in the first visible radical); or the preformative syllable can be open with long vowel (with weak verbs), with the exception of the upbeat syllable (Schwa mobile).

Qal/Pi‘el AC and Infinitive/Imperative forms do not have a preformative.

43.1 Forms with Strengthened Preformative Syllable

In addition to the Nif‘al, a Dagesch forte appears in the first visible radical especially with פ״נ verbs.

Forms that otherwise look like weak forms of פ״נ verbs can be Aramaized forms of two-radical verbs or can come from verbs with Jod (פ״ו) and Sadé. ← 134 | 135 →

43.2 Forms with Preformative

← 135 | 136 →

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