51 Description of the Statement of Intent (Mood)
Outside of the imperative (→ § 48.8) and some remaining jussive-forms (→ § 51.4), the Hebrew verbal system has no separate verb form (mood) to mark the statement of intent. If modality is to be expressed through syntactical signs at all, particles are at one’s disposal. Sentence position also plays a role.
The attention of the hearer is controlled through indicators, which lie on the level of meaning of the text (→ also § 52.2). Verbs with a modal meaning—as for example יכל “can”—also belong here, as well as relative verbs (→ § 50.5).
The Hebrew language does not have syntactical markers for the modal categories “real/unreal/ possible” (Realis/Irrealis/Potentialis); also there is no “subjunctive” as a syntactical marker of internal dependency.
An important strengthening particle is כִּי “yes/in truth/so it is” (→ § 53.3). For further strengthening adverbs and particles such as, for example, אַף “even,” הֵן “behold,” etc., the lexicon is to be consulted.
The connection of a finite verb with an infinitive absolute (→ § 50.4) also has a strengthening effect.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.