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Legal Entity Reform of Indonesia’s Public Colleges and Universities

Tjiauw Thuan

Since 1999, Indonesia’s higher education system has entered a new stage. The government promotes legal entity reform at public colleges and universities, and plans to transform all public colleges and universities into legal entities. This is unprecedented in Indonesian education history. Eight public higher education institutions in the first and second batch were succesfully converted to legal entities. After experiencing legal entity reform, Indonesia’s public colleges and universities improved. The government indirectly proposed three types of public higher education institution. This means that Indonesia’s public colleges and universities developed from a single model to becoming these diversified models.

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印度尼西亚共和国政府条例 1999 年61号 决定公立高等学校为法人实体 印度尼西亚共和国总统

考虑到:一、全球化进程导致了日益激烈的竞争, 故此为了提高国家竞争力需要采取各种措施;

二、为了更加民主的社会发展进程, 国家竞争力的提高需要能作为道德力量并参与全球竞争的公立高等学校;

三、为了扮演具有信赖的道德力量来支持国家发展, 公立高等学校应当拥有自立;

四、一些公立高等学校已有足够的管理能力, 可以获得自立、自治和更大的责任;

五、因此需要筛选可能的公立高等学校, 将其法律地位改为法人实体;

鉴于:    一、1945 年宪法第5条第2款;

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