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The European Union Approach Towards Western Sahara


Edited By Marco Balboni and Giuliana Laschi

In the framework of the so-called Barcelona process, the European Union concluded several bilateral agreements with Morocco aimed to deepen their economic integration. The 2000 Association agreement European Union–Morocco is the general legal framework for the development of relationships among the two parties. In this context, the recent Agreement on reciprocal liberalisation measures on agricultural products and fishery products, entered in force in 2012, and the Fisheries Partnership Agreement, issued in 2013, were established. They reiterate and update former agreements. No one of them expressly excludes the territory of Western Sahara from the scope of application, in contrast with other similar agreements negotiated with other countries, such as the Free trade pact between Morocco and the United States of America. The non-exclusion of the territory of Western Sahara raises several concerns on the compliance of these agreements with International Law, not only in relation to the principle of self-determination of peoples but also with the principle of sovereignty of natural resources, the prohibition of exploitation of resources of a territory under occupation, the obligation to not recognise situations arisen in an illegal way, the prohibition to negotiate agreement with an occupying country once the process of decolonisation has begun.

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Volume pubblicato nell’ambito dei progetti di cooperazione internazionale decentrata con il contributo della Regione Emilia Romagna, promossi da:

Sostenuta da Comune di Ravenna, Comune di Forlì, Comune di Nonantola (MO), CISP-ER, Nexus (Bologna), Peace Games (Bologna), Comune di Ponte San Nicolò (PD), AUSER ER (Bologna), CGIL (Ravenna); Associazioni: Kabara Lagdaf (Modena), El Ouali (Bologna), 1514 Oltre il muro (Ponte San Nicolò – PD), TreCaSma (Trento).

The book was subject to a double blind refereeing process.

No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by print, photocopy, microfilm or any other means, without prior written permission from the publisher. All rights reserved.

©  P.I.E. Peter Lang s.a.

Éditions scientifiques internationales

Brussels, 2017

1 avenue Maurice, B-1050 Brussels, Belgique;

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Names: Balboni, Marco, editor. | Laschi, Giuliana, 1962- editor. Title: The European Union approach towards Western Sahara / Marco Balboni and Giuliana Laschi (eds.). Description: Brussels : P.I.E. Peter Lang, 2016. | Series: Euroclio, ISSN 0944-2294 ; Vol. 97 | Includes bibliographical references. | English; one contribution in French. Identifiers: LCCN 2016039419 (print) | LCCN 2016052135 (ebook) | ISBN 9782807601031 | ISBN 9782807600768 | ISBN 9782807600775 (ePDF) | ISBN 9782807600782 (ePub) | ISBN 9782807600799 (Mobi) | ISBN 9782807601048 () | ISBN 9782807601055 () | ISBN 9782807601062 ( ) Subjects: LCSH: European Union countries--Foreign relations--Morocco. | Morocco--Foreign relations--European Union countries. | European Union countries--Foreign economic relations--Morocco. | Morocco--Foreign economic relations--European Union countries. | Western Sahara--International status. Classification: LCC D2025.5.M67 E87 2016 (print) | LCC D2025.5.M67 (ebook) | DDC 341.242/209648--dc23 LC record available...

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