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Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016

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Edited By Centro di Ateneo per i Diritti Umani

The Italian Yearbook of Human Rights 2016 provides a dynamic and up-to-date overview of the measures Italy has taken to adapt its legislation and policies to international human rights law and to comply with commitments voluntarily assumed by the Italian Government at the international level.

The 2016 Yearbook surveys the activities of the relevant national and local Italian actors, including governmental bodies, civil society organisations and universities. It also presents reports and recommendations that have been addressed to Italy in 2015 by international monitoring bodies within the framework of the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the European Union. Finally, the Yearbook provides a selection of international and national case-law that casts light on Italy's position vis-à-vis internationally recognised human rights.

"Italy and Human Rights in 2015: Universal Ethics, Good Governance and Political Realism" is the focus of the introductory section of the Yearbook. Starting with the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international human rights law plunged onto the world stage with very specific principles and rules, which represent so many points that are essential not only for the legality but also for the sustainability of the political agenda. The universal code of human rights, widely ratified by Italy, presses for a continuous commitment to perfecting the legal order, which has immediate significance for the good governance agenda.

The Italian Agenda of Human Rights 2016 represents an updated orientation tool with regards the main initiatives to be undertaken on the legislative, infrastructural and policy-making fronts in order to strengthen the Italian system for promoting and protecting human rights.

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Structure of the 2016 Yearbook

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As it was for the previous editions, the Italian Human Rights Yearbook aims to provide a snapshot of the human rights situation in Italy, both from the legislative and “infrastructural” point of view and from that of the practical implementation of policies and initiatives to promote and protect them. The reference timeframe of the book is calendar year 2015. The level of detail and further background provided in the various sections allow for crosscutting and targeted reading, which can also be developed by consulting the analytical indexes.

The information presented in the first three Parts of the Yearbook comes from documents in the public domain, normally consultable via the official web pages of each body examined. For Part IV the databases of the courts mentioned were used (for Italian case-law the Giuffrè “De Iure” database was that used the most). The complete and updated lists of the international legal instruments adopted and Italy’s behaviour in relation to them (ratifications, signatures, no action) are available online in the specific section hosted on the site of the “Pace Diritti Umani” Regional Archive (www.italianhumanrightsyearbook.eu, Attachments), managed by the University of Padova Human Rights Centre pursuant to art. 2 of Veneto regional law 55/1999.

Part I of the Yearbook illustrates the main developments in Italy’s incorporation of international and regional laws into its domestic legislation. This overview starts from the global level (United Nations), moves on to the regional level, comprising legislation drawn up by the Council of...

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