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Austerity and the Implementation of the Europe 2020 Strategy in Spain

Re-shaping the European Productive and Social Model: a Reflexion from the South


Edited By Javier Ramos and Esther del Campo

This book adopts a critical perspective to analyze the Europe-2020 Strategy and its effects on the transformation of the European productive and social model, particularly in Spain. The evidence provided in this book suggests that the Europe-2020 strategy cannot be dissociated from the policies of commodification initiated in the Stability and Growth Pact (Maastricht, 1997) nor from the Austerity measures implemented to deal with the financial crisis in 2007. 

These policies of «commodification» and «austerity» are seriously limiting Europe-2020 capacity to foster a smart, sustainable and inclusive productive transition, while adding greatly to the continuous process of precarization and social exclusion that European societies are suffering, especially in Southern Europe.   

The book presents empirical evidence on these externalities in areas as diverse as EU foreign policy, entrepreneurship or gender equality. But the special emphasis has been placed in those areas that the Europe 2020 strategy considers crucial such as employment, R&D, climate change and energy sustainability, education and fighting against poverty in Spain.

Thanks to the profuse analyses carried out by a group of leading Spanish academics, the book constitutes a benchmark for scholars, practitioners and the general public interested in European and Spanish economic policy issues.

"Essential contributions on the challenges faced by the Spanish economy when it comes to strengthening the Welfare State" (Valeriano Gómez, former Minister of Employment)

"A most useful collection of contributions addressing Spain’s difficulties in dealing with an indebted economy, and in need of re-shaping its strategic productive and social models within the EU" (Luis Moreno, IPP-CSIC).

"This book provides appealing insights into the evolution of the Spanish productive and social protection systems under austerity, as well as an analysis of crucial aspects of the implementation of the EU 2020 Strategy. A must-read for professionals and students interested on European" (Ana Marta Guillén, Dep Sociology- Oviedo University)

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Designing Scenarios on Inclusive Globalisation. Europe 2020 and the Social Dimension of EU’s External Policy (Cristina Blanco Sío-López)


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Designing Scenarios on Inclusive Globalisation

Europe 2020 and the Social Dimension of EU’s External Policy


Each step is a step into a cave. We just have to turn back. Harry Martinson

Introduction: Outer Vectors for Inner Drivers?

This chapter aims to address the potentialities of unfolding the social dimension of Europe 2020 by building upon the yet constrained driving power of EU’s external policy. To achieve this aim, it focuses on the analysis of the evolving principles and trends of this crucial European Union (EU) policy, paying special attention to its main weaknesses, which primarily refer to: the absence of a coherent and coordinated action in this realm and the key lack of an unitary EU representative role in the global arena; the sidelining – and backsliding – of international objectives towards an “inclusive globalisation” and the priority given to free trade agreements, which decisively acts as a distancing policy-making device from the EU’s founding principles of solidarity and socioeconomic cohesion.

Indeed, the so-far defining internal fragmentation of this policy, its disjoined visibility and the pervasive lack of a common ground in this domain seem to constitute a fundamental hindrance for the EU to fully become a compelling player towards a more inclusive globalisation.

In the same vein, several initiatives appear to offer alternative pathways to reverse that tendency, primarily the International Labour Organisation (ILO)’s proposals in favour...

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