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Essays on Values and Practical Rationality

Ethical and Aesthetical Dimensions

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Edited By António Marques and João Sàágua

The essays presented here are the outcome of research carried out by members of IFILNOVA (Institute for Philosophy of New University of Lisbon) in 2016.

The IFILNOVA Permanent Seminar seeks to show how values are relevant to humans (both socially and individually). This seminar is the ‘place’ where different research will converge towards a unified viewpoint. This includes the discussion of the following questions: What is the philosophical contribution to current affairs and decisions that depend crucially on values? Can philosophy make a difference, namely by bringing practical reason to bear on these affairs and decision? And how to do it? Which are our scientific ‘allies’ in this enterprise; psychology, communication sciences, even sociology and history?

This volume shows the connection between practical rationality and values and covers the dimensions ethics, aesthetics and politics.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents


I – Practical Rationality at Work

JAMIE BUCKLAND

Understanding Value ‘Relativity’

LUÍS SOUSA

Intersubjectivity and Freedom in Merleau-Ponty’s Phenomenology of Perception

DINA MENDONÇA AND JOÃO SÀÁGUA

The plural role of emotions in Ethics: the case of ethical dilemmas

SUSANA CADILHA

John McDowell on practical rationality – is he (really) talking about us?

REGINA QUEIROZ

Rules and personal changing

MARTA FAUSTINO

The Ethico-Political Dimension of Foucault’s Thought

ANTÓNIO MARQUES

Some notes on Rawls’ critique of Kant’s comprehensive moral philosophy

ERICH RAST

Moral Choice without Moralism

PIETRO GORI AND PAOLO STELLINO

Moral Relativism and Perspectival Values

GABRIELE DE ANGELIS

Political ethics as a functional requirement of democracy: sketching a theory of political values in democratic systems

II – Arguing about values

JOÃO SÀÁGUA AND MICHAEL D. BAUMTROG

Practical Rationality at Work – A New Argumentation Model

GIOVANNI DAMELE AND FRANCESCO PALLANTE

Arguing, bargaining and persuading in constituent processes

III – Ethics and Aesthetics: Implicit and Explicit Conections

BARTHOLOMEW RYAN

‘I’m beginning to know myself. I don’t exist.’ The Interval of Álvaro de Campos

DIANA SOEIRO

Rational Landscape: Spatial justice, politics and aesthetics: The city of Lisbon as a case study

NÉLIO CONCEIÇÃO

Technology and urban space: on the relation between the historical approach and the transformation of aesthetic values in Walter Benjamin

NUNO FONSECA

Aesthetic Values Before and Beyond the Evaluation of Artworks

CLAUDIO ROZZONI

Images and Values: a Husserlian perspective

MARIA IRENE APARÍCIO

The Value(s) of Cinema: Mise-en-scène, Point of View and Ethical Problems

SUSANA NASCIMENTO DUARTE

Vivre sa Vie: the décalage between language and life

SUSANA VIEGAS

‘I’d rather be lucky than good.’ Ethical variations in Pickpocket and Match Point

List of Contributors/Affiliations