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Inspiration and Emulation

Selected Studies on Rubens and Rembrandt

Toshiharu Nakamura

Edited By Kayo Hirakawa

This book discusses an important theme in art history - artistic emulation that emphasizes the exchange between Flemish and Dutch art in the seventeenth century. Since the Middle Ages, copying has been perceived as an important step in artistic training. Originality, on the other hand, has been considered an indispensable hallmark of great works of art since the Renaissance. Therefore, in the seventeenth century, ambitious painters frequently drew inspiration from other artists’ works, attempting to surpass them in various aspects of aesthetic appeal. Drawing on this perspective, this book considers the problems of imitation, emulation, and artistic rivalry in seventeenth-century Netherlandish art. It primarily focuses on Rubens and Rembrandt, but also discusses other masters like van Dyck and Hals. It particularly results in expanding the extant body of knowledge in relation to Rubens’s influence on Rembrandt and Hals. Moreover, it reveals certain new aspects of Rubens and Rembrandt as work-shop masters - collaboration with specialists, use of oil sketches, and teaching methods to pupils for example.

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Pl. 1 Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, St. Ambrose and the Emperor Theodosius, ca. 1617–1618, oil on panel, 308 × 246 cm, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Gemäldegalerie, Vienna. ← 290 | 291 →

Pl. 2 Peter Paul Rubens and Osias Beert the Elder, Pausias and Glycera, ca. 1615, oil on canvas, 203.2 × 193.4 cm, The John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota (SN219). ← 291 | 292 →

Pl. 3 Peter Paul Rubens, The Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin, 1611, oil on panel, transferred to canvas, 106 × 78 cm, The State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg. ← 292 | 293 →

Pl. 4 Rembrandt van Rijn, Andromeda, ca 1630, oil on panel, 34 × 24.5 cm, Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, The Hague. ← 293 | 294 →

Pl. 5 Rembrandt van Rijn, The Blinding of Samson, 1636, oil on canvas, 206 × 276 cm, Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main. ← 294 | 295 →

Pl. 6 Constantijn Daniel van Renesse, corrected by Rembrandt, Job, His Wife, and His Friends, ca. 1650–1652, drawing, 18 × 23.8 cm, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm. ← 295 | 296 →

Pl. 7 Peter Paul Rubens, Four Studies of the Head of a Negro, ca. 1613–1615, oil, originally on panel, transferred to canvas, 51 × 66 cm, Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels. ← 296 | 297 →

Pl. 8 Frans Hals, The Rommel-Pot Player, ca. 1618–1622, oil on canvas, 106 × 80.3 cm, Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth (ACF 1951.01).

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