Section 1Critical Discourse Analysis and Corpus Linguistics
Section 1 Critical Discourse Analysis and Corpus Linguistics NORMAN FAIRCLOUGH The Contribution of Discourse Analysis to Research on Social Change My general objective in this chapter will be to develop a theoretical and methodological framework for applying a version of critical discourse analysis within trans-disciplinary research on processes of economic and societal change, with a particular orientation to ‘transition’ in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). My particular objective is to draw upon this approach in an analysis of processes of ‘re-scaling’ in CEE, focusing on Romania – the constitution of new relations between scales (national, local, macro-regional – EU – and ‘global’). I shall discuss in particular the ‘re-scaling’ of Higher Education. 1. Transition The term ‘transition’ has been widely used to represent a planned transformation from socialist economies and one-party states to market economies and western-style democracies. ‘Transition’ construes change as a passage from a well-defined point of departure to a pre-defined destination. We can identify strategies for ‘transition’, which link narratives of the past and present to imaginaries for the future, drawing upon particular sets of discourses. For the countries of CEE, the dominant ‘transition’ strategy has been also an external strategy for change, promoted by the IMF, the World Bank, the EU, foreign governments and so forth. It is a strategy – and some would say an ideology – which has been widely criticized within and outside CEE for its ‘one-size-fits-all’ character – its failure to recognize as some economists put it the inevitable ‘path-dependency’ of change: Norman Fairclough 26 that its direction,...
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