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The Wage under Attack

Employment Policies in Europe


Edited By Bernadette Clasquin and Bernard Friot

Challenging the widespread view of the continental model of social protection as a «corporatist-conservative» system, this book stresses the creative thrust of the two major institutions of the Bismarckian tradition: the social contribution that finances the socialised wage, and the qualification system that liberates workers from the labour market. These institutions have come under attack over the past two decades via European Employment Strategy policies aimed at imposing the Beveridgean model. And the European Union is using the current economic crisis to justify stepping up this reform process.
The conceptual framework proposed in this volume provides the basis for a critical examination of the interrelated developments in European integration and national policies on employment and social protection. As well as contributing to a sociology of monetary resources, it highlights the emancipatory potential of the continental tradition of the socialised wage, and demonstrates the negative implications of the European Union-led reforms.


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List of Acronyms


AIEE Acuerdo Interconfederal para la Estabilidad en el Empleo (Intersectoral Agreement for Employment Stability) ANPE Agence Nationale pour l’Emploi (French National Employment Agency) API Allocation de parent isolé (Single parent allowance) ARE Allocation d’Aide au Retour à l’Emploi (Return-to-work allowance) ASSEDIC Association pour l’Emploi Dans l’Industrie et le Commerce (Association for Employment in Industry and Trade). ASS Allocation de Solidarité Spécifique (Specific solidarity allowance) CCOO Comisiones Obreras (Trade Union Confederation of Workers’ Commissions) CEOE Confederación Española de Organizaciones Empresariales (Spanish Confederation of Employers’ Organisations) CES Consejo Económico y Social (Social and Economic Council) ECB European Central Bank EPA Encuesta de la Población Activa (Labour Force Survey) GDP Gross Domestic Product INEM Instituto Nacional de Empleo (National Institute of Employment) NIC National Insurance Contribution OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development PES Public Employment Service PFEE Plan para el Fomento del Empleo Estable (Programme for the Promotion of Stable Employment) The Wage under Attack: Employment Policies in Europe 10 PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero Español (Spanish Socialist Party) RMA Revenu Minimum d’Activité (Activity minimum income) RMI Revenu Minimum d’Insertion (Insertion minimum income) RSA Revenu Solidarité Active (Active solidarity income) RWE Reduced Wage Employment SMIC Salaire Minimum Interprofessionnel de Croissance (Minimum wage) UGT Unión General de Trabajadores (General Workers’ Confederation) WTC Working Tax Credit WFTC Working Family Tax Credit

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