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Basque Nationhood

Towards a Democratic Scenario


Edited By Pedro Ibarra Güell and Åshild Kolås

Debates about Basque self-determination were curtailed for decades by political violence, involving both the actions of ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna) and the counter-terrorism activities of Spain and France. In 2011, ETA announced a permanent cessation of operations. Since then, stakeholders have become increasingly aware of the need to rethink Basque nationhood and democratic representation in light of the changing nature of nationhood and citizenship within the European Union. These issues are also topical in the French Basque country, which has witnessed a re-emergence of Basque identity politics in recent years.
This book describes the contemporary re-imagining of Basque nationhood in both Spain and France. Taking a fresh look at the history of Basque nationalist movements, it explores the new debates that have emerged since the demise of non-state militancy. Alongside analysis of local transformations, it also describes the impact of global changes on ideas about Basque self-determination.


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Euskara (Basque) English aberri handia big fatherland aberri ttikia small fatherland abertzale patriotic abertzaleak patriot Alfabetatze Euskalduntze Koordinakundea Basque Language and Literacy Association Alternatiba Alternative Denok elkarrekin Everyone together Euskadi Country (often used to describe the Basque country in Spain) Euskadiko Autonomi Erkidegoa Autonomous Community of the Basque Country Euskadiko Ezkerra Basque Left Euskal Herria Basque Country Euskal Herria Zuzenean Basque Country Live Euskal Herrian Euskaraz In Basque (language) in the Basque Country Euskal Hiria Basque City Euskal Irria Basque Smile Euskal Kulturaren Batzarreak Committee of Basque Culture Euskal Pizkundea Basque Renaissance Euskaldun Basque-speaker Euskaltzaindia Academy of the Basque Language Euskara Basque language Euskara elkarteak Basque language associations Euskararen Gizarte Erakundeen Kontseilua Council of Social Organizations of Euskara 310 Glossary Eusko Ikaskuntza Basque Studies Association Eusko Jaurlaritza Basque Government Hegoalde Basque country in Spain; southern part of Euskal Herria herria noa traditional Basque songs herrira Basque prisoners ikastolak (Basque medium) school Iparralde Basque country in France; northern part of Euskal Herria Izena duena bada All things that have a name exist kukutza social conflict lehendakari president (of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country) Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea Chartered Community of Navarre Soziolinguistika Klusterra Sociolinguistics Cluster Udako Euskal Unibertsitatea Basque Summer University Spanish English Acuerdo por las Libertades y contra el Terrorismo Agreement for Freedom and against Terrorism Asociación de Víctimas del Terrorismo Association of Victims of Terrorism Carlismo Carlism Ciudadanía y Libertad Citizenship and Freedom comandos de apoyo support units comandos de liberados free units comandos legales...

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