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Mothers on Mothers

Maternal Readings of Popular Television

Rebecca Feasey

From Supernanny to Gilmore Girls, from Katie Price to Holly Willoughby, a wide range of examples of mothers and motherhood appear on television today. Drawing on questionnaires completed by mothers across the UK, this book sheds new light on the varied and diverse ways in which expectant, new and existing mothers make sense of popular representations of motherhood on television. The volume examines the ways in which these women find pleasure, empowerment, escapist fantasy, displeasure and frustration in popular depictions of motherhood. The research seeks to present the voice of the maternal audience and, as such, it takes as its starting point those maternal depictions and motherwork representations that are highlighted by this demographic, including figures such as Tess Daly and Katie Hopkins and programmes like TeenMom and Kirstie Allsopp’s œuvre.
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Index

16 & Pregnant 187

abuse 87, 172, 179, 191, 199

Addison, Heather 156

adoption 137, 187, 21720, 223

Aguirre, Susan 191

Aitkenhead, Decca 207

Allsopp, Kirstie 746, 789, 82, 86, 132, 1459, 150, 211

Ang, Ien 12

Antiques Roadshow 79

The Apprentice 201

Asher, Rebecca 28

Aström, Berit 233

Attwood, Feona 181

audience(s) 119, 312, 369, 428, 53, 55, 578, 6070, 745, 7982, 85, 88105, 1078, 112, 11423, 1269, 1318, 14055 passim, 1589, 1612, 1659, 1735, 179233 passim

maternal 1, 34, 38, 42, 45, 47, 60, 61, 74, 90, 93, 159, 166, 185, 190, 192, 1989, 220

television 3, 32, 55, 64, 68, 978, 119, 141, 161, 186

Austin, Thomas 165

Avishai, Orit 178

babies 15, 289, 41, 44, 46, 5660, 6571, 73, 76, 824, 92, 99, 110, 11415, 123, 125, 1289, 132, 147, 167, 170, 174, 180, 184, 2023, 21112, 221, 226

antenatal 1920, 28, 49

babycentre 123, 125

Badu, Erykah 200

Bakewell, Joan 81

Baker-Whitelaw, Gavia 121

Baldwin, Dan 61

Bale, Karen 62

Barker, Martin 19, 165

Bates, Laura 73

Bath 445

BBC 812, 845, 95, 11617, 121, 1235, 129, 148

beauty 63, 67, 112, 150, 153, 1846, 193, 196, 214

Beckford, Martin 191

Beckham, Victoria 66, 69, 200

Beeny, Sarah 82, 145

behaviour 1415, 21, 33, 37, 39, 79, 94, 104, 117, 1227, 132, 143, 145, 158, 161, 173, 1767, 17982, 18990

Bell, Emma 195

Bennett, James 534

Berger, Arthur 7

Berry, Mary 55, 6774, 789, 86, 145

Bird, Elizabeth 165

bisexual(s) 137

Blue Peter 81

Bonifazi, Wendy 78

The Book Show 80

Borgen 102

Brigitte Nyborg 1023

Borisoff, Deborah 1

Bower, Karen 206

Bradbury, Julia 79

Bradford, Kelly Rose 634

Brady, Karren 65, 131

Bragg, Rosalind 723

Breaking Bad 102, 119, 132

Skyler White 102, 132

Brennen, Bonnie 34, 36

Brinkley, Christine 200

Britain 16, 49, 69, 79, 81, 1201, 138, 146, 149, 182, 207

broadcasters 116, 210, 217

Broadchurch 1023

Ellie Miller 1023

Brooks, Kate 1112, 17, 38

Brothers and Sisters 133

Brown, Mary Ellen 1645, 181

Brown, Tamara Mose 301

Bruce, Fiona 7980

Brunsdon, Charlotte 8, 1489, 166, 181, 215

Buckingham, David 173

Buckman, Peter 171

Bundchen, Gisele 66

Bunton, Emma 63

Burns, Judith 21920

Cable, Simon 202

The California’s Child Actor’s Bill 192

Candler, Angelisa 185

care-givers 1, 93, 98, 111, 161, 163, 227

Carille, Anna 2234

Carmon, Irin 120

Casanova, Erynn Masi de 301

celebrity/ies 2, 3, 7, 367, 47, 53105, 110, 112, 1507, 165, 174, 188, 193208, 21112, 230

Chahal, Mindi 216

Changing Rooms 54

characters (TV) 34, 1314, 37, 39, 42, 53, 80, 86105, 10743 passim, 153, 155, 1589, 161, 16474 passim, 189, 213, 215, 217, 2212, 2302

Chattin-McNicholas, John 179

Cherry’s Parenting Dilemmas 845

child, childhood 1, 14, 16, 1930, 40, 44, 4950, 5599, 1024, 11117, 12248, 1547, 162232

childbirth 1920, 234, 489, 58, 66, 69, 83, 85, 148, 156, 189, 207, 232

childcare 15, 22, 289, 38, 489, 567, 60, 645, 67, 73, 75, 99, 11213, 123, 131, 138, 140, 145, 157, 170, 173, 177, 17980, 205, 21112, 2267

Child of Our Time 232

Christensen, Dorthe 36

cinema 16

comedy 47, 53, 867, 93, 95, 97, 104, 118, 143, 181, 225

Connell, R.W. 214

content analysis 7, 11, 15, 22, 117

Coronation Street 166

Couldry, Nick 37

Countryfile 80

Cowan, Katherine 117

Cox, Lauren 82

Crawford, Joan 16

Crime Watch 80

Croft, Claudia 1934, 198

culture 5, 10, 13, 16, 37, 43, 46, 54, 80, 101, 139, 150, 1801, 187, 193

Dallas 1213

Daly, Tess 5562, 67, 74, 7980, 152

Dancing on Ice 61

daughters 51, 57, 59, 66, 70, 78, 845, 96, 118, 125, 1335, 140, 149, 156, 1689, 1827, 198, 201, 223

Davidson, Max 180

Deacon, Michael 36, 93

Della-Ragione, Joaana 60

Deller, Ruth 37

demographic 2, 12, 1718, 33, 38, 40, 50, 67, 105, 118, 121, 135, 173

Dent, Tamsyn 45, 67

depression 58, 187, 212, 221

designer (clothes) 15, 62, 79, 150, 190

Desperate Housewives 1268, 131

Desser, David 150

development, of children 1, 98, 1224, 127

Diamond, Anne 813

Dimitriadis, Greg 35

disability 15, 189, 199, 2202, 224, 231

Donnelly, Dec 55

Doughty, Steve 227

Douglas, Susan 1, 2, 58, 164, 213

Douvall, Alicia 197

Dowell, Ben 81

Downton Abbey 133

drama 12, 46, 47, 53, 82, 102, 11416, 11819, 133, 161, 167, 171, 173, 184, 1889, 196, 225, 2289, 232

Duff, Charlie 203

Dworkin, Shari 157

EastEnders 1667, 170, 173

Carol Branning 1679

economy, economic 5, 12, 25, 26, 38, 40, 49, 79, 91, 11718, 120, 151, 178, 180

education 23, 49, 768, 87, 130, 142, 148, 158, 182, 184, 187, 191, 204, 219, 222, 225, 2312

Ellen, Barbara 207

Ellis, Janet 81

Emmerdale 166

emotion(s) 1, 14, 20, 256, 34, 44, 5860, 83, 87, 91, 989, 116, 122, 130, 142, 162, 164, 171, 177, 185, 196, 199200, 208, 215, 2223, 225

entertainment 1, 34, 8, 378, 54, 637, 74, 80, 83, 104, 118, 136, 1412, 14850, 1612, 164, 181, 1935, 197, 201, 205, 207, 209, 21415, 217, 227, 231, 233

Esterberg, Kristin 231

ethnicity, ethnic 401, 50, 86, 117, 154, 232

Everingham, Christine 214, 29, 50

Everybody Loves Raymond 130, 143, 227

Debra Barone 130, 143, 227

family 9, 1215, 212, 258, 4150, 53, 568, 61149 passim, 161232 passim

Farmiga, Vera 65

fashion 53, 712, 145, 1478, 1501, 1536, 158, 196, 214

father, fatherhood 15, 21, 26, 28, 47, 70, 79, 93, 95, 119, 164, 168, 178, 187, 189, 1978, 2001, 207, 209, 227

Faulkner, Lisa 132

Feasey, Rebecca 2, 8, 434, 48, 77, 87, 90, 136, 142, 1501, 156, 161, 164, 171, 173, 181, 194, 196, 198, 213, 223, 233

female(s) 3, 7, 911, 1416, 30, 47, 59, 63, 72, 78, 802, 114, 11921, 136, 148, 150, 156, 1656, 189, 1935, 200, 212, 215, 230

feminist 34, 810, 13, 16, 19, 21, 2831, 6870, 76, 121, 1712, 181

fiction 9, 12, 53, 210

film 2, 3, 7, 16, 18, 31, 54, 66, 68, 115, 126, 148, 1501, 181, 185, 197, 200, 215

Fisher, Sarah 223

Flint, Hannah 210

focus group(s) 7, 9, 1112, 1719, 315, 38, 117

Ford, Gina 289

Foster, Alistair 634

Foster, Jill 6970

foster/ing 40, 137, 21324

Fox, Patty 151

Freeman, Hadley 78

friend/ship 12, 15, 21, 29, 42, 44, 478, 61, 76, 79, 89, 92, 107, 112, 161, 1678, 123, 128, 1336, 1434, 168, 186, 189, 1989, 205, 223, 230

Frost, Jo 142, 145, 174, 177, 17981

Frost, Vicky 96

Frostrup, Mariella 79

Gailey, Elizabeth Atwood 156

Ganeshasundaram, Raguragavan 177

Garraway, Kate 82

gay (parents) 117, 1378, 141, 2234

gender 4, 719, 28, 30, 36, 43, 47, 69, 87, 120, 138, 165, 181, 194, 215, 217, 221

generation(s) 1, 3, 13, 17, 712, 778, 82, 96, 104, 118, 136, 1401, 156, 173, 180, 1889, 210

Geraghty, Christine 154, 166, 171

Gerstmann, Peter 41

Giedroye, Mel 59

Gilmore Girls 1336

Lorelai Gilmore 1336

Glennie, Alasdair 6970

Goldman, Kevin 210

Good Morning Britain 81

The Good Wife 1023, 132

Alicia Florrick 1023, 132

Gordon, Bryony 767

Gornstein, Leslie 192

gossip 47, 53, 55, 778, 165, 187, 1934, 198, 200

magazines 3, 7, 47

government 29, 44, 47, 48, 71, 137, 181, 191, 221

Graham, Emily 90

Gray, Jonathan 165

The Great British Bake Off 6770, 1456

Green, Fiona 1, 213

group discussion 11, 1719, 3135, 38

Gyngell, Kathy 78

Hall, Melanie 713

Halpin, Trish 63

Hamamoto, Darrell 91

Hamilton, Andy 93

Haralovich, Mary Beth 8

Haskell, Molly 16

Hayes, Charlotte 183

Healey, Cherry 836

Healey, Una 66

Held, Virginia 1, 99

Hello! (magazine) 70

Helm, Toby 149

Henley, Nadine 177

Henry, July 177

Here Comes Honey Boo Boo 1812, 184

Hermes, Joke 1011, 165, 194

Hindmarch, Anya 712

Hobson, Dorothy 118, 167, 171, 173

Holden, Amanda 65

Holland, Patricia 81

home 1, 13, 15, 212, 267, 456, 53, 613, 6879, 87, 89, 93102 passim, 11117, 124, 12832, 140, 14550, 156, 158, 164, 168, 175, 1779, 183, 186, 197203, 2068, 211, 217, 21920, 2234, 22632

Hopkins, Katie 195, 20110

Hooper, Abi 208

House 101

Dr Lisa Cuddy 1012

housewife/ves 10, 86, 98, 1268, 1301, 172, 226

housework 19, 113, 139, 183

How I Met Your Mother 115, 1278

Hughes, Kathi 177

Hunniford, Gloria 82

husband(s) 61, 67, 6970, 88, 903, 978, 102, 11213, 115, 117, 128, 134, 135, 145, 164, 168, 172, 183, 199, 226

Ibrahim, Yasmin 36

I’m a Celebrity … Get Me Out of Here 198, 201

In the Club 232

infant 21, 83, 96, 114, 189

infertility 36, 778, 2223

Inside Soap 166

interview/er 2, 7, 914, 1728, 315, 38, 41, 4950, 578, 61, 70, 74, 76, 82, 100, 1656

Ison, Rianne 58

ITV 121

Jackson, Peter 1112, 17, 38, 168

Jarvis, Alice-Azania 69

Jenkins, Henry 37

Johansson, Sofia 165, 195

Joseph, Georgina 73

Joweth, Garth 150

Kamberelis, George 35

Karlyn, Kathleen 233

Katona, Kerry 1958, 2001, 204, 2078

Kelly, Lorraine 82

Kendrick, Keith 634, 66

Kennedy, Lauren Page 97, 99100, 130

Kerr, Deborah 16

Kirkova, Deni 202

Klass, Myleene 59, 6566, 70

Kuruvilla, Carol 223

Lampert, Nicole 66

Larson, Mary Strom 1415, 32, 189

Lauzen, Martha 119

lesbian (parents) 1378, 217, 2234, 231, 233

Levey, Hilary 192

Levy, Arial 181

Liebes, Tamar 172

lifestyle 3, 1112, 44, 534, 58, 60, 75, 83, 112, 115, 11718, 145, 148, 150, 157, 1823, 193, 195, 207, 211, 226, 233

Lipkin, Elline 178

Livingstone, Sonia 37, 172

Location Location Location 74, 146

London 11, 75, 93, 167, 201, 212

Loose Women 55, 201

Lotz, Amanda 8, 11819

McAleenan, Patrick 137

Macaulay, Sean 145

McConnell, Donna 63

MacIntyre, April 100

McPartlin, Ant 55

McVeigh, Tracy 69, 83, 149

magazines (for women/mothers) 23, 7, 1012, 45, 47, 545, 64, 70, 74, 84, 112, 132, 143, 1501, 154, 1578, 1656, 181, 1978, 201, 211

Maggneson, Sally 81

Malcom in the Middle 86, 901, 93, 96, 143

Lois Wilkerson 867, 902, 104, 143

male(s) 9, 15, 16, 47, 80, 11819, 121, 173

men 1112, 15, 28, 46, 63, 69, 72, 76, 11921, 1378, 164, 199, 214

marginalisation 2, 25, 27, 40

Marie Claire (magazine) 63

Markham, Tim 37

masculinity 11, 47, 118, 119, 214

maternity 19, 28, 49, 57, 59, 6574, 78, 83, 152, 201, 205

Maushart, Susan 1, 213

media 15, 751, 55, 578, 61, 67, 76, 83, 87, 102, 142, 148, 157, 159, 162, 1656, 181, 185, 189, 193209 passim, 21214, 21617, 229, 233

marketplace 37, 55, 57, 61, 157, 189

opular 2, 7, 27, 43, 233

Michaels, Meredith 1, 2, 58, 164, 213

middle-class 1314, 1718, 223, 256, 4850, 76, 86, 934, 96, 98, 148, 154, 178, 207, 212, 224, 2279

Miller, Tina 245, 29

Modern Family 86, 9698, 100

Claire Dunphy 86, 969

Modleski, Tania 167, 171

Moffat, Steven 121

Dr Who 121

Mom 181

Montessori movement 1779

morality 21, 41, 89, 94

Mortimer, Ruth 216

Moseley, Rachel 17, 151

mothers (mums/moms) 1233 passim

archetype 3, 53, 231

‘bad’ mothers 4, 29, 161215

celebrity 5860, 64, 151, 1568, 208, 212

criticism 34, 65, 82, 171, 175, 179, 200, 217

escapist/ism 23, 12, 16, 60, 80, 104, 115, 119, 133, 136, 1412, 1589, 161, 181, 21415 see also mothers, pleasures

frustrations 2, 4, 11, 32, 38, 40, 42, 88, 923, 98, 11516, 1223, 134, 141, 174, 200, 209, 217, 229, 2301

‘good’ mothers 1, 2, 4, 8, 20, 23, 25, 48, 645, 85, 93, 98, 100, 130, 150, 161, 1723, 190, 197, 2089, 213, 215

guilt, feelings of 20, 25, 70, 103, 111, 115, 1301, 177, 209, 211, 21314

maternal images 8, 100, 104, 116, 136, 154, 210, 21517, 233

maternal identification 3, 13, 16, 32, 104, 10759

nurturing 1, 22, 28, 74, 88, 98, 130, 177, 186

leasures 24, 9, 11213, 18, 32, 38, 40, 108, 119, 126, 133, 136, 1412, 151, 1589, 172, 174, 181, 183, 21415, 217, 227, 231 see also mothers, escapism

single 2, 1415, 26, 40, 84, 86, 134, 136, 189, 206, 224, 226, 228, 2323

sleep deprivation 589, 121, 12732

stereotypes 4, 9, 16, 89, 102, 108, 11013, 116, 118, 154, 1634, 203, 21112, 21617, 219, 22832

teen 40, 136, 18795, 199201, 204, 228, 232

television mothers 86, 108, 113, 134, 155, 159, 162, 197, 204

tropes 3, 27, 53, 233

working 22, 5565, 70, 74, 101, 113, 115, 129, 1302, 157, 164, 207, 209, 2267, 229, 233

and the workplace 22, 279, 47, 6872, 83, 130

motherhood 1233 passim

depictions of 12, 4, 38, 55, 104, 116, 141, 1612, 164, 216

representations of 15, 78, 312, 86, 11011, 117, 119, 161, 163, 174, 21617, 233

mothering 1233 passim

alternative practices of 2, 41, 140, 141, 209

ideology of intensive mothering 12, 8, 223, 26, 48, 57, 64, 93, 989, 172, 190, 197, 199, 201, 209, 213

oor 161215, 2278

motherwork 13, 5, 8, 1920, 24, 26, 29, 31, 47, 58, 60, 64, 70, 83, 86, 87, 1012, 104, 108, 11618, 121, 132, 136, 1412, 162, 166, 171, 178, 207, 213, 228

MTV 191

Mumsnet 445, 489, 51, 78, 86, 123, 1656, 229

Murray, Jenny 81

My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding 1812, 192

Nathan, Sara 83

Neithercott, Tracey 99100

Netmums 44

netnographies 7, 36

networks(s) 12, 30, 32, 367, 448, 50, 55, 74, 76, 78, 11920, 136, 180, 215, 21920, 223

news (in the media) 2, 19, 37, 54, 63, 77, 79, 801, 101, 104, 147, 152, 1656, 188, 194, 2012, 210, 221

Newsnight 80

NHS 49, 77, 129, 137, 2212

Nobile, Liana 191

Oakley, Ann 17, 1921, 24, 30, 32, 34, 189

O’Brien, Anne 45

Olen, Helaine 178

Oliver, Jamie 55

Oliver, Jools 59

Onderko, Patty 122

One Born Every Minute 232

oral histories 7, 34

O’Reilly, Andrea 1, 2, 172, 209

Outnumbered 86, 936, 99, 126, 143

Sue Brockman 86, 94

arent/hood, parenting 2, 4, 14, 15, 17, 202, 2530, 449, 589, 65, 6970, 778, 835, 87, 90, 92100, 108, 110, 112, 114, 118, 12245 passim, 150, 154, 162, 164, 168, 17092, 197, 199200, 2023, 2056, 208, 21112, 21724, 227, 22930, 232

Paskin, Willa 97

atriarchy/al 9, 16, 119

Peacock, Louisa 226

Peppa Pig 11314

erformer(s) 3, 47, 545, 61, 64, 66, 74, 79, 801, 105, 149, 158, 173, 185, 1923, 196, 204

lay, playground 21, 37, 4950, 56, 58, 70, 79, 85, 112, 1236, 135, 225

laygroup 212, 50

Plunkett, John 83

The Politician’s Husband 102

Freya Hoynes 102

overty, poor 14, 73, 91, 187, 18990, 215, 2278, 230

regnancy/t 15, 1920, 234, 28, 31, 46, 48, 55, 5861, 63, 67, 69, 71, 74, 813, 121, 132, 142, 1517, 16771, 174, 180, 187, 18990, 193, 213, 2223, 228, 232

resenter(s) (tv) 34, 537, 63, 667, 746, 7983, 104, 112, 1312, 152, 193, 212, 217, 226

Pretty Woman 185

Price, Katie 195201, 204, 2078

Priest, Susanna Hornig 7, 34, 42

Prynne, Miranda 63

qualitative technique 7, 313

quantitative technique 7

questionnaire 24, 7, 9, 1516, 19, 24, 313, 3944, 4850, 53, 55, 74, 76, 78, 86, 104, 1078, 117, 119, 123, 125, 130, 144, 149, 1589, 180, 183, 18990, 21314, 217, 233

Rach, Anais 204

Radway, Janice 912, 16, 32, 181, 214

Raver, Kim 65

Reaid, Susanna 81

reader response 911, 51

realism 1214, 96, 131, 136

reception studies 9, 12, 19

Redmond, Sean 214

relationship(s) 13, 26, 28, 37, 92, 93, 102, 107, 110, 129, 1334, 163, 16870, 174, 188, 194, 197, 199, 212, 224

religion, religious 23, 44, 87, 187

respondent(s) 4, 1213, 1617, 33, 3940, 424, 48, 50, 53, 55, 57, 65, 74, 76, 7880, 85, 108, 114, 116, 118, 136, 1623, 167, 1715, 17980, 186, 189, 191, 193, 195, 199200, 204, 207, 215, 217, 220

responses (by women to motherhood on TV) 23, 7, 25, 32, 38, 4053 passim, 104, 107, 127, 132, 156, 159, 161, 165, 172, 174, 182, 209, 2313

Revolution 102

Rachel Matheson 102

Rippon, Angela 81

Rock, Lucy 49

Rogers, Ginger 16

Rogers, Deborah 167

Rojek, Chris 193

romance(s) 3, 7, 9, 1112, 181, 193, 195, 214

Rosenberg, Debra Gilbert 100, 130

Rowley, Emma 73

Royal, Dayna 191

Ryan, Maureen 11921

Ryan, Shawn 121

same-sex couples 137, 224,

sartorial 3, 61, 107, 1512, 155, 158, 1934, 196

Sears, Bill 178

self-help 1, 30, 129, 142

Sex and the City 115, 1278

sex, sexual 2, 8, 28, 37, 39, 44, 867, 96, 989, 103, 12930, 135, 1378, 140, 154, 156, 167, 169, 1712, 181, 182, 185, 188, 190, 1934, 197, 203, 206, 215, 221, 2234, 2323

sexism 11, 63, 73, 87, 120

Shewfelt, Raechal Leone 99

Shulman, Alexandra 713

Simkiss, Doug 219

The Simpsons 8690, 93, 98

Marge Simpson 8690, 98, 104

sitcoms 53105, 110, 11314, 163, 167

Skeggs, Beverley 1718, 38

Smith, Rebecca 94

Smith, Simon 120

Snow, Jon 63, 67

snowball technique 12, 44

soap opera 3, 7, 1215, 53, 118, 129, 143, 1657, 1704, 181, 189, 193, 215, 218, 223, 226, 2301

social sciences 14, 17, 1921, 2931

society 7, 15, 223, 28, 31, 41, 78, 130, 156, 167, 173, 176, 187, 2223

sociology 9, 21, 178

son(s) 46, 51, 65, 68, 75, 78, 83, 92, 967, 101, 112, 124, 127, 144, 168, 199

spectators 8, 1516, 19

Speier, Diane 162

Spencer, Phil 74

Spigel, Lynn 8

Stacey, Jackie 1516, 32, 151, 215

Stansfield, Liz 66

Star Trek: The Next Generation 103

Dr Beverley Crusher 103

stars, stardom 3, 7, 16, 47, 53105, 113, 1502, 168, 187, 1907, 200, 207, 215, 230

Sterling, Evelina 223

Stevenson, Nick 1112, 17, 38

Stone, Pamela 268

Stonewall 117, 137, 224

Strictly Come Dancing 57, 60, 61, 176

Striff, Erin 36, 77, 223

Styles, Ruth 63, 69

Sullivan, Dana 122

Supernanny 17, 89, 92, 1425, 17481, 192, 228

survey 9, 324, 38, 41, 78

Tally, Margaret 142, 216

teen/agers 15, 40, 44, 47, 53, 67, 84, 90, 96, 98, 109, 11213, 133, 1356, 163, 183, 186201, 204, 204, 228, 232 see also mother, teen

Teen Mom 1878, 18994, 200

television, TV 24, 79, 1214, 312, 378, 43, 4550, 547, 6170, 75, 7983, 86, 923, 978, 1012, 1045, 10723, 128, 130, 132, 134, 136, 14065, 175, 177, 181233 passim

American 1213, 15, 90, 96, 110, 11921, 133, 136, 144, 163, 189

British 54, 83, 121, 147, 166

chat shows 534, 152

ersonality 53, 57, 68, 70, 79, 81, 104, 108, 205, 208, 210

reality show 17, 126, 195, 198, 201, 208, 228

reality television 1718, 53, 60, 68, 126, 170, 174, 176, 184, 1923, 195, 197, 199, 201, 204, 215, 228, 230

This Morning 613, 66, 155, 2012, 2056

Thomas, Carol 231

Thomas, Chloe 70

Thumin, Janet 1718, 38

Thurer, Shari 213

Tiemann, Amy 172

toddlers 289, 114, 1219, 1323, 1425, 178, 180, 1835, 189, 192

Toddlers & Tiaras 1835, 187, 192

Turner, Graeme 193

Valentine, Gill 117

Van Outen, Denise 59, 65, 823

Vogue (magazine) 71

Wachs, Faye Linda 157

The Walking Dead 102

Lori Grimes 102

Wall, Cara 1345

Wark, Kirsty 7980

Warner, Judith 1, 214

Watchdog 80

West Wing 1

Abbey Bartlett 1012

Willoughby, Holly 556, 617, 6970, 74, 7980, 104, 152, 205

Winslet, Kate 200

Wolf, Naomi 235, 289, 214

Wolff, Janet 9

women 1233 passim

domestic role 1, 28, 88, 104, 128, 170, 227

magazines 2, 10, 165

working women 22, 30, 69, 71, 87, 117, 203

Wood, Helen 1718, 38

Woollett, Anne 78

working class 14, 1718, 256, 48, 86, 903, 154, 178, 181, 2279, 231

The Xtra Factor 65

Yee, Danny 49

You Me Baby (magazine) 84

Young, Kirsty 79

Zaretsky, Staci 185