German-Speaking Journalists (1900–1950)
Edited By Christa Spreizer
‘Das Erwachen der Frau’Eliza Ichenhaeuser (1869–1932) and the First Wave of German Feminism
‘Das Erwachen der Frau’ Eliza Ichenhaeuser (1869–1932) and the First Wave of German Feminism
Nun winken uns rosenfarbene Bilder entgegen, Bilder, die eine bessere, veredelte, geistig, höherstehende Welt zeigen, eine Welt, die das Produkt des – ‘Erwachens der Frau’ ist.
— Eliza Ichenhaeuser, Zur Frauenfrage
Like other reform-minded women, Eliza Ichenhaeuser (1869–1932, née Rosenthal, pseudonym: E. Rosevalle) viewed the turn of the century as a time of progressive new beginnings and social activism with which to solve society’s ills, as evidenced in this quote from ‘Das Erwachen der Frau’ (Woman’s awakening), the concluding article in the first of her two volume collection of journalism articles Zur Frauenfrage (On the woman question, 1896, 1899).1 This early work offers a thematic overview of the ideals of liberal individualism and humanitarian reform to which she would dedicate her life, including better access for women to educational and professional opportunities, and equality in marriage and at the voting booth. ← 67 | 68 → According to Ichenhaeuser, only then would women have the independence to accomplish their natural duties in the domestic and the public spheres. The women’s movement was ‘die natürliche Folge der Entwickelung der Verhältnisse, der Menschheit, der Zeit.’2
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