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Litanic Verse I

Origines, Iberia, Slavia et Europa Media


Witold Sadowski, Magdalena Kowalska and Magdalena Maria Kubas

The book contains comparative analyses of the development of litanic verse in European poetry, from medieval to modern times. Litanic verse is based on different syntactic devices, such as enumeration, parallelism, anaphora and epiphora. However, it is not to be seen merely as a convention of versification as the popularity of different variants of the verse in Europe reflects the religious, intellectual, social and political history of various European regions. The essays in the first volume focus on the origins of the Litany (the Near East, Greece, Byzantium, Rome), as well as the emergence of litanic verse in the Iberian languages (Castilian, Catalan, Galician, Portuguese) and Slavic and Central European literatures (Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Hungarian, Polish, Serbian, Russian).

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A Separate World. Russian Poetry Between the Native and the Universal


It is indubitable that Russian literature, complex and diverse as it is, for many centuries has remained in a state of tension between native and universal elements. The former were deemed to be the cornerstone of national culture, while the latter provided a framework for the lasting values of Western European culture. The characteristic division into two strands may be noticed in most literary epochs, and it has frequently contributed to the shaping of the writers’ consciousness and to the technique of prose writers, poets, and playwrights. The quintessence of this consciousness is the feeling of uniqueness that is built within the dialectics of isolation: it is the feeling that in Russia everything is different, specifically Russian, and results from certain endemic shape of the culture.

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