Statistical Data and Media Representations
This book examines homicide-suicides in a post-communist country in South-East Europe. It presents results regarding risk factors and particularities of homicide-suicides in Romania committed in the period 2002–2013.
The author analyses statistical data from legal records, police registers, and online newspapers discussing the way in which the victims and aggressors of homicide-suicides are represented. She completed the data by investigating six penitentiaries in Romania regarding the risk factors specific to various types of homicide-suicide: intimate partner femicide-suicides, familicide-suicides, filicide-suicides and homicide-suicides committed by police officers.
1. Homicide-Suicides in Romania: Incidence, Risk Factors and Particularities
Situated in the South-East of Europe, Romania is a country which for the last 25 years has faced a transition period from the communist regime (that ended with the Revolution in December, 1989) towards a democratic society. The transition from dictatorship to democracy was still marked by social, economic and political events which were sometimes associated with an increase in interpersonal acts of violence. In order to better understand the context of the cases of homicide-suicide in Romania, I consider it necessary to have a description of the evolution of criminality in Romania in the last 25 years and especially of the criminality for the period 2002–2013 from which I identified the cases of homicide-suicide. I will present some information regarding the criminality rate, the murder rate and the suicide rate in Romania. The murder rate was calculated as being the number of murder felonies registered in the statistics of the General Inspectorate of Romanian Police for 100,000 inhabitants. The information regarding the population from Romania was the one published by the National Institute of Statistics in the Tempo online database and in the Statistic Annuary of Romania. In Romania, only felonies committed on purpose were included in the murder felonies. We excluded: manslaughter, attempted murder, battery causing death and robbery ending with the death of the victim, all these felonies being included in the categories corresponding to the statistics of the Romanian police.
Homicides and Suicides in Romania
The analysis made...
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