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Völkische Bewegung zwischen Weser und Ems

Richard von Hoff und die Nordische Gesellschaft in Bremen und Nordwestdeutschland

Series:

Matthias Loeber

Die Nordische Gesellschaft zählt zu den außergewöhnlichsten völkischen Organisationen der Zwischenkriegszeit. Seit 1933 war sie Teil des Alfred Rosenberg unterstehenden Außenpolitischen Amtes der NSDAP und erhielt offiziell den Auftrag, die nordische Rassenideologie zu fördern. Diese Studie ist eine Teilbiografie des einflussreichen nordwestdeutschen Protagonisten der Nordischen Gesellschaft: Richard von Hoff. Er war ab 1933 Bildungssenator in Bremen. Hoffs Agieren in der völkischen Bewegung, das in sein Engagement in der Nordischen Gesellschaft mündete und sich dort entfaltete, wird in dieser Studie erstmals ebenso präsentiert wie die regionalen Aktivitäten der Gesellschaft.

 

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Abstract

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The Nordische Gesellschaft (Nordic Society) was one of the most remarkable völkisch organizations of the 20th century. Founded in the city of Lübeck in 1921, it originally intended to strengthen political and economic bonds between Germany and the Scandinavian nations. While ideological aspects played no major role in their early activities, the organization’s approach changed in 1933 when the Nordische Gesellschaft became an official part of the NSDAP. Its main task under National Socialist rule became to strengthen the ideology of Nordic supremacy. While never reaching the intended influence in the Scandinavian countries the organization promoted racist patterns of thought in Germany until the last weeks of Nazi rule.

As an active racist ideologist Richard von Hoff was the Nordische Gesellschaft’s most influential protagonist in Bremen. Besides being a high school teacher he had also been known for publishing ideological literature and engaging in far right political clubs and parties, eventually including the NSDAP. In 1933 he became senator of education, culture and church related issues in the city state. As part of the national socialist government he brought the “Nordic thought” into political reality.

This study investigates the Nordische Gesellschaft’s regional activities, embedding them in a biographical study of Richard von Hoff. It outlines the establishment of the Nordische Gesellschaft in Bremen and the Northwest of Germany (from 1933 on referred to as the “Gau Weser-Ems” of NSDAP). By doing so it presents the most important regional members and takes a...

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