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Arabische Sprache im Kontext

Festschrift zu Ehren von Eckehard Schulz

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Edited By Beate Backe, Thoralf Hanstein and Kristina Stock

Den Eintritt in den «Ruhestand» von Eckehard Schulz, Professor für Arabische Sprach- und Übersetzungswissenschaft an der Universität Leipzig von 1993 bis 2018, haben nationale und internationale Fachkolleg*innen und Schüler*innen zum Anlass genommen, um in ihren Beiträgen aufzuzeigen, wie relevant die arabische Sprache und vor allem deren angemessene Beherrschung mittlerweile in den verschiedenen Bereichen von Wissenschaft und Praxis geworden sind. Unter Beachtung der aktuellen politischen und sozialen Gegebenheiten erstreckt sich der Kontext von den Teilgebieten der Linguistik – wie z.B. der Übersetzungswissenschaft, Grammatik und Dialektologie – über Politik- und Rechtswissenschaft sowie Didaktik und Ethnologie bis hin zu den Medienwissenschaften und zur Informatik.

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Politolinguistik

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Reconciling the Iraqi Nation:A Rhetorical Analysis of Nūrī al-Mālikī’s Political Discourse

Kurstin Gatt, Berlin

Introduction

This article seeks to investigate the political rhetoric used by the ex-Prime Minister of the Republic of Iraq Nūrī al-Mālikī between 2006 and 2014 from a discourse-analytical perspective. The overarching argument is that al-Mālikī attempts to fulfil his political promise of national reconciliation by resorting to a rhetoric based on three principles: the topos of history, the glorification of Iraq and religion. The main objective of this article is to explore recurrent rhetorical features deployed by the politician in an attempt to reunite a country, which was in a political process of social transformation. This analysis is carried out against the backdrop of the political circumstances of Iraq during al-Mālikī’s time in his term as a Prime Minister.

1.     History as a Topos for Modern Iraq

Over the centuries, Iraq has benefited from a rich and variegated historical legacy that shaped its national identity and its institutions. Historians recall three vital elements from the past that have been most important in forming the collective memory and consciousness of the 21st century Iraqis, namely: the civilisation of ancient Mesopotamia, the Arab-Islamic heritage and the legacy of the Ottoman Empire1. Ṣaddām Ḥusayn, for instance, was known for commemorating Iraq’s historical achievements in his speeches so as to fuel national pride2.

Ancient Mesopotamia is often recalled...

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