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Polish Media System in a Comparative Perspective

Media in Politics, Politics in Media


Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

A media system does not exist in a vacuum. It develops and grows within social, political and economic systems. They interact with and influence one another, as well as stimulate each other’s development. The main subject of this work is the dynamically evolving Polish media system, which is under the influence of institutions and external stakeholders. Thanks to this, it is easier to understand that the "crossroads" is not only a problem of the Polish media system, but a global one. For this reason, a comparative perspective is employed. Three chapters help to provide an answer to research questions dedicated to political parallelism and journalistic professionalization. The analysis would be limited and unrepresentative if the book enclosed it with one country's border, omitting the broad global, European and Centro-European context.

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List of Figures


Fig. I.1: The media systems environment: the area of analysis

Fig. 1.1: Countries with a similar journalistic culture in Europe according to Hallin and Mancini’s concept

Fig. 1.2: The quality of journalistic culture with regard to its constitutive dimensions

Fig. 1.3: Levels of journalistic autonomy

Fig. 1.4: Key decision-makers (stakeholders) in the scope of media transparency and accountability

Fig. 2.1: The results of the main political parties in the parliamentary elections in the years 2001–2015 (in percent)

Fig. 2.2: Political preferences of the National Broadcasting Council (KRRiTV) members in the years 1993–2022 (in numbers)

Fig. 3.1: Consequences of mediatization of politics

Fig. 3.2: Dominant journalistic style in coverage of the 2009 European Election in Poland

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