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Management and Organization: Various Approaches

Edited By Yasin Cakirel

The volume provides a collection of research papers in the area of management and organization on a wide range of topics including job alienation, whistleblowing, responsible leadership, cyberloafing, job crafting, organizational trust and career satisfaction.

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On Duties and Responsibilities of Human Resources Management

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1 Technology and Working Life

Based on Greek mythology, Plato states that technology seeps into our lives, making humanity feel dependent on it to a large extent (Chaharbaghi and Willis, 2000, p. 394). When we elaborate on this statement aoristically, it is possible to say that technology has made great changes not only in our daily lives but also in our professional lives.

It is clearly seen that every society has attributed a different meaning to the verb “to work”. The verb “to travail” refers to “to work” in Western languages, however it is derived from Latin “tripalium” that means “instrument of torture”. Moreover, the Romans use the term “labour” as the equivalence of “work”, whereas the very same term is also associated with “toil, exertion, hardship, pain, fatigue”. In Azerbaijani, people use the verb “işlemek” and in Kyrgyz, people use the verb “emgeg” – which both mean “to operate, to perform” – as the equivalence of “to work”. As an attempt to change the nature, meaning of the term “work” (or the verb “to work”) can change depending on social conditions and perception of societies. All in all, it can be defined in broad strokes as “all sorts of activities holding value of use and providing goods or services” (Istanbul University, School of Open and Distance Education, Sociology Course Book, 2017, p. 55–56).

It is seen that machine power has started to replace man power with Industry 4.0. Industry 4.0 is...

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