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Linguistische Beiträge zur Slavistik

XXV. JungslavistInnen-Treffen in Göttingen, 13.–16. September 2016

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Edited By Genia Böhnisch, Uwe Junghanns and Hagen Pitsch

Der Sammelband enthält Beiträge des XXV. JungslavistInnen-Treffens, das vom 13. bis 16. September 2016 am Seminar für Slavische Philologie der Universität Göttingen stattfand. In ihren Aufsätzen geben die AutorInnen Einblick in Themen und Ergebnisse ihrer aktuellen Forschungen auf verschiedensten Gebieten der slavistischen Sprachwissenschaft, darunter der synchronen und diachronen Linguistik, der Semantik und Pragmatik, der Sozio- und Kontaktlinguistik und der Spracherwerbsforschung.

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Zur sprachlichen Vitalität der Bergitka Roma in Polen (Anna-Maria Meyer)

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Zur sprachlichen Vitalität der Bergitka Roma in Polen

Anna-Maria Meyer (Bamberg/Köln)

Abstract

Generally, Romani is in a relatively good position regarding its linguistic vitality in comparison with the languages of other ethnic minorities in Poland. However, the situation is more complex than it seems at a first glance: Whereas more traditional groups such as the Polska Roma momentarily do not have to fear the loss of their language, the Bergitka Roma in South Eastern Poland face greater problems in protecting their language. They have been settled for centuries, mostly live in larger cities and delimit themselves to a lesser extent from the majority society than other Roma groups. Mixed marriages with Poles are more and more common among them. Therefore, it seems justified to ask how vital the dialect of the Bergitka Roma still is under the strong influence of Polish language and culture. To answer this question, on the one hand, scientific literature from libraries and archives in Poland has been evaluated. On the other hand, two interviews with experts in the area of Tarnów have been conducted and analyzed. The criteria for the determination of language vitality by a linguistic expert group of the UNESCO serve as a theoretical basis.

1. Einführung

In Polen leben vier ethnische Minderheiten: Roma, Lemken, Tataren und Karäer. Während das Lemkische, Tatarische und Karäische vom Polnischen bedroht sind oder von diesem bereits gänzlich verdrängt...

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