Enlightened Moral Journalism in Europe and North America
Edited By Misia Sophia Doms
As soon as the Spectator model spread from England to continental Europe and began to be incorporated in French, Dutch and German translations and adaptions, the respective journalistic networks and negotiations regularly exceeded local, regional, and even national boundaries and took on international dimensions. The contributions of the present volume outline the historical development and the intricate literary, artistic, journalistic and scientific communication and distribution networks of the moral weeklies and periodical essays inspired by the Spectator prototype in Europe and North America. Thus, these periodicals become visible as parts and products of ramified learned and creative negotiations on genres, writing techniques and topics.
The Late Spectatorial Press from the Area of Today’s Germany and Neighbouring Regions
Abstract: This paper outlines the development of the spectatorial genre in the area of today’s Germany in the second half of the 18th century. In paradigmatic studies of four late German moral weeklies it illustrates the longevity of the spectatorial project as well as the growing diversification of the weeklies’ target groups, topics, distribution territories, and ideological aims.
Keywords: German Spectator-type periodicals, German-language moral weeklies, late spectatorial journalism
According to fundamental studies undertaken by Wolfgang Martens, who examined a large number of moral weeklies from the 18th century, the decline of the spectatorial genre in the area of today’s Germany begins in the 1750s. In the second half of the century, the weeklies no longer formed a central part of contemporary literature involving all the important writers of their time.1 In Martens’ view, the tradition of the moral weeklies slowly deconstructed itself by giving up the genre characteristics one by one. In favour of general education and entertainment, moral education became less and less important; the fictitious editor was gradually disappearing and a more frequent use of headings indicated the genesis of self-contained, isolated articles, destroying the impression of a monologue given by the editor persona.
Sehr viel zahlreicher als die populärwissenschaftlichen Blätter im Gewande der Moralischen Wochenschriften sind die formal von den Wochenschriften herkommenden Zeitschriften, die nicht ein bestimmtes Wissensgebiet für den ungelehrten Leser zu erschließen suchen, sondern ihm vielerlei zur Unterhaltung und Belehrung anbieten. Sie treten...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.