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The Little Qanun of Ibn Sina

Little Model of the Great Qanun

Kadircan Hidir Keskinbora

Ibn Sina wrote many books on various scientific branches, many of which are on philosophy, religion, music, medicine, astronomy, physics, and natural sciences. Some sources state that the number of books he has written is over 240; 153 of these have been discovered. Among his valuable books, the two most well-known books are «al-Shifa», which deals mostly with philosophy, and the five-volume «al-Qānūn Fī al-Tibb», which is a complete medical encyclopedia. The Little Qanun is the model of «al-Qānūn». The idea of publishing this book struck the author’s mind when he thoroughly dealt with Avicenna’s views and thoughts. It is hard to imagine such discoveries were generated more than one thousand years ago.

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[28A] The fourth article


This article is about head illnesses.

It consists of 18 chapters.

Chapter one: Regarding headaches, migraines, and dizziness and hot and cold headaches

The hot headache is the one accompanied with fever and it is divided into two. Either it is caused by blood in the head because the face becomes red, the vessels become swollen, and the pulse becomes high. This can be cured by blood transfusion or cupping “hijamah” or by nutrition such as egg yolk, chicory, and vinegar. Or the headache is because of yellow bile which is distinguished by excruciating pain, fever in the head, the body, and the pulse. This can be cured by consuming the juice of two pomegranates, and as food, a soup made of wheat and “teberzed” sugar with “elhawary” bread and mixed with sour pomegranate and unripe grape juice. The head could be cooled by a compress, which is prepared from rose, juice of “elkhilaf” leaves, a little sandal, camphor, rose flavor, and violet.

The cold headache (without fever) is also divided in two. Either it is caused by love or sadness with symptoms of sleeplessness, talking to oneself, sunken eyes, and a dark-colored face. This can be cured by consuming soup made of black Indian “Ehlilej”, dried grapes, cucumbers, crude sugar, oil, and vinegar.

Also the sufferer could inhale violet and lotus oils. A cooked mixture of chamomile, poppy skin, and “elmerzjosh”12 should be poured over the...

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