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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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4 Local Governments in the Presidential Governmental System: Turkish Case

Extract

Oğuzhan Erdoğan

4   Local Governments in the Presidential Governmental System: Turkish Case

Introduction

Local governments are the transfer of several functions and authorities belonging to the central government to the local authorities. In this context, local governments are the first stage of the participation of the local people in the management of the nearest service units and the citizens as the units implementing public services at the local level. This situation shows that local governments have great importance in the state structure. Local governments in Turkey continues its presence in the center of the control-dependent management center today. Local governments in Turkey, special provincial administrations, municipalities and consists of the village. Municipalities are formed as the basic unit of local government in Turkey. The government system, on the basis of the distribution and organization of the legislative, executive and judicial power within the state, appears as the way of implementation of the political regime. In this framework, there are four generally accepted government systems in the world. These are the parliamentary government system, the parliamentary government system, the semi-Presidential Governmental System and the Presidential Governmental System.

Countries are implementing one of these four government systems according to their socio-cultural structures, history, settled democracy practices, geographical and ethnicity. Process until the referendum held in 2017 in Turkey parliamentary system was implemented. However, as a result of the 2017 referendum, the Presidency Government System, which is based on the presidential system in...

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