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Public Policy Analysis in Turkey

Past, Present and Future

Edited By Onur Kulaç, Elvettin Akman and Cenay Babaoğlu

This book presents a broad and comprehensive perspective on analysis of public policy in Turkey. Each of the twenty-six chapters presents historical development, legal background, actors, problems, and recommendations of different policies. The scope of this book is to fill the void in the literature with regards to the analyses of public policies in Turkey.

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14 The Development of the Gender Equality Policies in Turkey

Extract

Mısra Ciğeroğlu Öztepe

14   The Development of the Gender Equality Policies in Turkey

Introduction

The concept of gender, which arises from the roles and responsibilities assigned to women and men in the social life regardless of the natural physical and biological differences between the sexes of men and women, is one of the elements that are emphasised and studied in many countries. In particular, the fact that women, who make up half of the world’s population, appear to have lower social status than men due to gender inequality, have fewer health, education and employment opportunities, and are exposed to discrimination due to their sexual identity, makes the efforts to strengthen women and improve their position very critical.

In fact, at the national and international level, many countries and institutions form various policies, strategies and practices in order to ensure equality between women and men and eliminate gender discrimination and work towards gender equality. Therefore, gender equality has been on the agenda of many countries in recent years as an area where public policy has been produced at the national level. In general terms, public policy can be defined as “whatever governments choose to do or not to do” (Dye, 1987: 3). In this context, all kinds of transactions and activities performed by public institutions or public officials against a subject can be considered as public policy (Kulaç & Çalhan, 2013: 207). Governments produce public policies in many areas such...

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