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In the Shadow of Djoser’s Pyramid

Research of Polish Archaeologists in Saqqara

Series:

Karol Jan Myśliwiec

The book presents the discoveries made by the Polish archaeological mission in Saqqara, the central part of the largest ancient Egyptian royal necropolis. The area adjacent to the Pyramid of King Djoser on the monument’s west side, so far neglected by archaeologists, turned out to be an important burial place of the Egyptian nobility from two periods of Pharaonic history: the Old Kingdom (the late third millennium BC) and the Ptolemaic Period (the late first millennium BC). The earlier, lower cemetery yielded rock-hewn tombs with splendid wall decoration in relief and painting. The book also describes methods of conservation applied to the discovered artefacts and episodes from the mission’s life.

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Deities

 

Amon 66, 312, 313

Anubis 47, 141, 162, 171, 259, 260, 343, 358, 359

Aphrodite 67, 70

Apis 9, 44, 46, 49, 343, 364, 411

Asclepius 84

Aton 40, 334

Atum 334, 353

Bastet 40, 114

Bes 47, 71, 364

Cerberus 364

Dionysus 70, 363, 364, 340

Great God 260

Harendotes 203

Hathor 70, 193, 251, 251 n.65, 290, 298, 300, 303, 312, 401

Hermes 443

Horus 32, 32 n.13, 46, 57, 199, 200, 202, 203, 203 n.4142, 204206, 204 n.44, 243, 281, 284, 290, 313, 336, 354, 360, 364, 436

Isis 41, 46, 66, 70, 203, 206, 226, 290, 354, 436

Khepri 334

Khonsu 439

Maat 132, 354, 356, 360

Min 141, 260

Mut 439

Nephthys 354

Nefertem (= Nefertum) 186, 259, 298, 303, 306 n.4

Nut 110, 334, 341, 353, 354

Onuris 364

Osiris 2223, 66, 70, 99, 141, 152, 171217

Ptah 22, 41, 42, 44, 46, 132, 258, 265, 298, 306, 365, 406

Ptah-Sokar-Osiris 341, 342, 343, 358, 360, 391

Re 66, 156, 334, 433

Sekhmet 258

Serapis 44, 221 n.6, 251n.64

Seth 32, 99, 199, 202205, 240, 243, 313, 336, 436

Sokar 19, 260, 443

Thoeris 343

Thoth 46, 141, 260, 313, 343

Zeus 439

Rulers and members of their closest family

Akhenaton 16, 40, 44

Alexander the Great (= Alexander of Macedon) 17, 45, 66, 71, 204, 204 n.44, 206, 331, 338, 363365, 406, 434, 437

Al-Ma’mun 48

Amasis 16, 267

Amenhotep III 44, 315

Anedjib 28

Ankhesenpepi II 38

Apries 16, 267

Cheops 15, 38, 101

Chephren 15, 38

Cleopatra VII 17, 47, 338

Dewen 15, 26

Djedkare Isesi (= Isesi) 15, 37

Djet 25, 209

Djoser (= Netjerikhet) 15, 28, 29, 30, 41, 112, 200, 201, 205

Hatshepsut 16, 39, 55, 77, 8287, 312, 313 n.16

Hor Aha 15, 25

Horemheb 16, 39, 41

Hor-netjerikhet (Pepi I’s son) 38

Hotepsekhemwy 15, 26

Iset-nofret 41, 42, 406

Isma’il Pasha 51

Justinian 48

Khaemweset 41, 106, 406

←467 | 468→

Khasekhemwy 26, 27

Marc Anthony 47

Mentuhotep II 82

Merenre I 37

Mykerinos 15, 38

Napoleon Bonaparte 50

Nectanebo I 16, 43, 361

Nectanebo II 16, 364

Nefertari 41, 55, 406

Niuserre 15, 35

Nubnefer 27

Nynetjer 15, 26, 27

Pepi I 15, 32, 33, 3637, 38, 153, 157, 161, 300, 415

Pepi II 15, 37, 38, 193, 210, 301

Peribsen (= Sekhemib) 26, 203, 204

Psamtik I, 6, 43

Ptolemy I 69, 204 n.44, 363, 365

Ptolemy II 69

Ptolemy III 69

Ptolemy IV 69, 363

Ptolemy V 69

Ptolemy VI 69, 70, 363

Ramesses II 41, 55, 66, 106, 204, 406

Said Pasha 51

Sekhemkhet 15, 30

Senedj 27

Sesostris I 15, 267

Seti 9, 16, 204

Setnakht 16, 204

Shabaka 16, 42

Shepseskaf 15, 37, 38

Snofru 15, 30

Taharqa 16, 64

Teti 15, 33, 35, 37, 40, 45, 61, 132, 142, 156, 158, 163, 164, 17, 200, 202, 206, 240, 245, 300, 312, 315, 316, 361

Thothmes III 55, 8284

Tutankhamun 16, 40, 54, 200

Unas 26, 27, 31, 3335, 107, 132, 142, 172, 206, 215, 260, 280, 300, 328

Userkaf 15, 30, 31, 33

Userkare 15, 33, 36, 157, 158, 161, 163, 168, 245, 415

Weneg 27

 

Ancient people (‘private’)

Ankhmahor 226

Aper-El 40

Bakenranef 43

Debeheni 237, 238, 241

Diogenes 363

Djawy (Temi’s son) 314

Djesti 251

Fafa 249

Fefi (= Merefnebef = Unas-ankh) [senior] 123, 132133, 140, 142, 153, 155, 160, 161, 260262, 265

Fefi (= Merefnebef) (Fefi Senior’s younger son) [junior] 161, 164, 262, 303, 311, 378

Hemi (Fefi Junior’s wife) 159, 378

Heraclitus of Ephesus 294

Herodotus 48

Hesi 161

Hesiod 363

Homer 363

Hor (dream interpreter) 15

Hor-Sheri 356

Hui 40

Iakhi (dwarf) 299

Idu 226

Idu-iker 249

Ikhi (= Ikhi-Meri = Meri) [senior] 412416, 419, 421

Ikhi (= Ikhi-Meri = Meri) [junior] 417, 423, 426, 428

Ikhi-Meri (= Ikhi = Meri) [senior] 414417, 419

Ikhi-Meri (= Ikhi = Meri) [junior] 423

Ikhti 249

Imhotep 8, 28, 52, 84, 87, 106107, 172, 206, 331, 344, 392, 433

←468 | 469→

Iret (Fefi Senior’s harpist wife) 138

Izi 61

Khekeret 251

Khenut (Temi’s daughter) 298

Kheti 251

Maia 40

Manefer (Fefi Senior’s eldest son) 133, 142, 161

Manetho 33

Metjen 240

Metjut (Fefi Senior’s harpist-wife) 138

Metjut (Temi’s daughter) 298

Merefnebef (= Fefi = Unas-ankh) [senior] 137, 142, 144, 149, 150, 152, 154, 159, 160, 168

Merefnebef (= Fefi) (Fefi Senior’s younger son) [junior] 161164, 378

Mereri (overseer of the arsenal) 161

Mereri (name given to Temi’s three sons) 279, 308

Mereri (vizier – probably one of Temi’s three sons) 308

Mereruka 3536, 149, 226

Meri (= Ikhi-Meri = Ikhi) [senior] 414417, 419

Meri (= Ikhi-Meri = Ikhi) [junior] 423

Meri-Teti 36

Merneith 27

Meruka (Temi’s oldest son) 259, 279, 289, 290, 293, 305, 307, 311, 314

Nebet (Fefi Senior’s harpist-wife) 138

Nefer (priest) 314, 322

Neferseshemre 240

Nyankhnefertum (= Temi) 257, 258, 259, 298, 300, 303, 304, 307, 319, 320, 437

Ny-Pepi 401

Pedenu 249

Pehenptah (= Pehi) 401

Pepi-anch 36

Pindar 363

Plato 363

Protagoras 363

Ptahhotep 106, 306, 315

Ptahhoteps (family) 104

Ptahshepses 35, 159

Seankhuiptah 161

Seshem-nefer 240, 417

Seshseshet (Fefi Senior’s harpist-wife) 138, 262, 289, 290

Seshseshet (Temi’s wife) 312

Strabo 48, 361

Tales 363

Temi (offering bearer)

Ti 134

Tjetji (Temi’s younger son) 307, 314

Tjezet 132

Unas-ankh (= Merefnebef = Fefi) [senior] 142

Uni 36, 37

Wadjet 356

 

Chronological periods

Arabic Era 58

Archaic Period 28, 47, 400

Byzantine Era (= Byzantine Period) 17, 55, 62, 69

Byzantine Period (= Byzantine Era) 17, 55, 62, 69

Dynasty

First Dynasty 25, 26

Second Dynasty 26, 27, 203, 400, 403, 404, 405, 407

Third Dynasty 23, 24, 27, 46, 64, 94, 105, 216, 403

Fourth Dynasty 30, 31, 37, 38, 159, 222, 231, 240, 311

Fifth Dynasty 26, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 94, 104, 132, 134, 142, 159, 172, 215, 227, 229, 238, 280, 315, 334, 437

Sixth Dynasty 21, 32, 3436, 38, 60, 132, 142, 149, 153, 163, ←469 | 470→ 164, 171, 180, 184, 188, 189, 192, 193, 199202, 20, 209, 210, 222, 223, 229, 230, 232, 240, 244246, 249, 250, 161, 262, 287, 301, 306, 311, 315, 361, 401, 437, 438

Tenth Dynasty 38

Twelfth Dynasty 39

Eighteenth Dynasty 3941, 55, 77, 82, 312, 334, 396

Nineteenth Dynasty 41, 204, 396

Twentieth Dynasty 41, 83, 204

Twenty-Fifth Dynasty 42, 43, 44, 64, 83

Twenty-Sixth Dynasty 43

Thirtieth Dynasty 45, 361

First Intermediate Period 15, 38, 173, 192, 206, 437

Greek-Roman Era (= Greek- Roman Period) 435

Lagids (= Ptolemaic Dynasty) 58

Late Epoch (= Late Period) 16, 43, 46, 433

Mamluks 75

Middle Kingdom 15, 39, 82, 87, 267, 334, 395, 433

Neolith 88

New Kingdom 16, 40

Old Kingdom 15, 23, 31, 32, 33, 35

Pre-Dynastic Period 15, 90, 228

Ptolemaic Dynasty (= Lagids) 58

Ptolemaic Era (= Ptolemaic Period = Ptolemaic Times) 19, 43, 44, 45, 65, 66, 67, 72, 84, 87, 105, 109, 111, 113, 175, 239, 249, 331, 333338, 342348, 355, 359, 360, 363, 391, 396, 408411, 408, 426, 437

Ramesses 16, 3941, 55, 63, 66, 87, 106, 204

Roman Era (= Roman Period = Roman Times) 44, 49, 63, 64, 66, 76, 336, 411

Third Intermediate Period 16, 44, 87, 138

Thuthmoside period 82, 87

Researchers

Afifi 123

Allen James P. 33

Altenmüller Hartwig 34, 34 n.7, 42 n.30, 15 n.3, 199 n.32, 281 n.46

Andrzejewski Tadeusz 61

Arnold Dorothea 97 n.1, 225, 225 n.16

Babraj Krzysztof 78, 78 n.42

Barsanti Alessandro 27

Błaszczuk Beata 351

Bourriau Janine 225

Bresciani Edda 43, 43 n.31

Burattini Tito Livio 49

Champollion Jean François 43, 45, 50, 51, 63

Chłodnicki Marek 89, 90 n.59, 93 n.60, 178 n.11

Ciałowicz Krzysztof 89, 90 n.59, 93 n.60, 178 n.11, 187

Czerniak Barbara 118

Daszewski Wiktor Andrzej 66 n.26, 73, 75 n.39

Davies Sue 46

Dąbrowska Urszula 392, 417 n.33

Dąbrowski Jarosław 351, 388

Della Valle Pietro 49

Deslandes Bruno 29, 29 n.9

Dobrev Vassil 33

Dolińska Monika 83, 83 n.48

Dreyer Günter 25, 25 n.2, 27, 27 n.5, 28 n.8, 204 n.43, 400 n.10

Dybich Mariusz 416

El Saddik Wafaa 54

Emery Walter B. 25, 46, 106, 107

Firth Cecil M. 25, 29

Godlewski Włodzimierz 75, 76 n.40, 81, 87 n.54, 98, 98 n.4, 369

←470 | 471→

Godziejewski Zbigniew 208 n.57, 255 n.4, 266 n.30, 369 n.5, 370, 374 n.910, 375, 376 n.13, 377, 380 n.19, 371 n.20, 382 n.25, 383 n.2627, 384, 384 n.2829. 385 n.30, 385 n.32, 386 n.35, 387 n.36, 390 n.39, 390 n.41

Goneim Zakaria 30

Górecki Tomasz 77, 77 n.41

Habachi Labib 62, 63

Hassan Selim 27

Hawass Zahi 25 n.2, 101, 101 n.8, 102, 107, 159 n.13, 200, 221 n.8, 222 n.9, 262 n.19, 287 n.56, 321

Herbich Tomasz 63 n.21, 69, 102, 102 n.12, 104 n.13, 105 n.1518

Ikram Salima 111 n.19, 199, 199 n.30, 202 n.37, 237, 237 n.39, 350

Iwaszczuk Jadwiga 87, 87 n.53

Jacquet-Gordon Helen 225

Jakobielski Stefan 57n.3, 80n.44, 81

Jéquier Gustave 32, 37, 193 n.26

Kaczmarek Maria 45 n.31, 145, 206 n.51, 207 n.5255, 208 n.5960, 331 n.1, 347 n.26, 350 n.36, 351, 351 n.37, 352 n.3839, 360 n.51

Kanawati Naguib 34, 34 n.1718, 35 n.19, 36 n.21, 149 n.1, 153 n.9, 161 n.16, 246 n.53, 250 n.60, 250 n.61

Karkowski Janusz 86, 86 n.51, 98 n.2

Kemp Barry 25

Kircher Athanasius 49

Kołątaj Wojciech 55

Kowalska Agnieszka 179 n.16, 186 n.19, 186 n.21, 191 n.22, 192 n.23, 209 n.62, 209 n.64, 211 n.6768, 215 n.7172, 216 n.74, 343 n.14, 343 n.15, 350, 360 n.4750, 391 n.4244

Kozieradzka-Ogunmakin Iwona 206 n.51, 207 n.5255, 208 n.5960, 351

Krzyżaniak Lech 88, 88 n.56

Kuraszkiewicz Kamil Omar 145 n.30, 15 n.4, 158 n.11, 171 n.12, 173 n.5, 175, 175 n.6, 176 n.8, 178 n.12, 178 n.13, 179 n.1415, 186 n.1819, 208 n.5658, 209 n.61, 209 n.63, 219 n.3, 220 n.45, 222 n.10, 223, 223 n.1213, 224 n.14, 229 n.23, 249 n.58, 25 n.59, 250 n.62, 251 n.63, 251 n.65, 253302, 304309

Labrousse Audran 28 n.7, 32 n.12, 33, 33 n.14

Laskowska-Kusztal Ewa 85, 85 n.50

Lauer Jean Philippe 29, 30, 99, 99 n.7, 362 n.52

Leclant Jean 33

Lepsius Karl Richard 37, 43, 50

Lipińska Jadwiga 55 n.2, 70 n.33, 83

Lucas Paul 4950

Łajtar Adam 81

Marciniak Marek 84, 84 n.49

Mariette Auguste 32, 37, 44, 51, 54, 361, 362, 362 n.52

Martin Geoffrey 39, 39 n.23, 97 n.1

Maspero Gaston 32, 43 n.32, 51, 60, 362 n.52

Mathieson Ian 27, 106, 106 n.21, 107 n.22

Michałowski Kazimierz 8, 9, 31 n.11, 5364, 53, 56, 57 n.34, 58 n.7, 71, 72, 75, 82, 98, 98n.3, 100101, 107, 118, 134 n.21

Morgan Jacques de 47

Nicholson Paul T. 46, 46 n.3739, 47 n.40

Niebuhr Carsten 50

←471 | 472→

Niwiński Andrzej 59 n.10, 60 n.12, 87, 102 n.12, 104 n.13, 105 n.1518, 221 n.6

Nur el-Din Abdel Halim 100101

Parandowska Ewa 54, 124, 369, 392

Parandowski Piotr 392

Pawlicki Franciszek 86, 95

Pietrzykowski Michał 45, 45 n.35, 363 n.5358, 364, 364 n.5964

Pococke Richard 46, 50

Quibell James E. 25, 29, 47, 48n.4243

Radomska Małgorzata 169 n.25, 331 n.1, 332 n.2, 333 n.12, 341 n.13, 350, 352 n.40, 353 n.41, 410 n.2023, 411 n.24

Radziwiłł Mikołaj Krzysztof (“the Orphan”) 49

Ragab Ragab Mohammed 265

Raven Maarten 39, 40 n.23, 42 n.28, 97 n.1

Rosellini Ippolito 43, 50

Russmann Edna Ann 209, 209 n.65

Ruszczyc Barbara 64 n.24, 65, 65 n.24

Rzepka Sławomir 87, 87 n.55

Rzeuska Teodozja 176 n.910, 201 n.35, 216 n.73, 219 n.12, 224, 224 n.1415, 226, 226 n.18, 227 n.1921, 228 n.22, 229 n.24, 230 n.25, 230 n.28, 231 n.3031. 232 n.32, 232 n.34, 233 n.3537, 239 n.4041, 240 n.4243, 241 n.44, 242 n.4566, 243 n.47, 244 n.48, 248 n.5657, 266 n.29, 301 n.82, 345 n.21, 396 n.3, 412 n.27, 418 n.38

Smith Harry S. 46

Smoleński Tadeusz 60, 60 n.11

Stadelmann Rainer 27, 27 n.6

Szafrański Zbigniew 55 n.2, 86

Szymańska Hanna 78, 78 n.42

Tarara Daria 388

Trzciński Jerzy 24 n.1, 172 n.3, 327 n.44, 407

Tyszkiewicz Michał 59, 59 n.10

Vansleb (Père) 49

Walsem René van 39

Welc Fabian 24 n.1, , 30 n.10, 172 n.3, 18 n.17, 327 n.44, 396 n.45, 398 n.9, 404 n.15, 407, 407 n.18, 418 n.38

Wipszycka-Bravo Ewa 76, 98

Witkowski Maciej 95

Wysocki Zygmunt 86

Ziegler Christiane 43, 44 n.33

Zieliński Jarosław 233

Zivie Alain 40, 40 n.24

Zych Iwona 65 n.26, 75 n.39, 80, 80 n.43

Żurawski Bogdan 81, 81 n.45

 

Old Egyptian religious texts

The Book of Breathings 336

The Book of the Dead 334, 336, 353, 433

Coffin Texts 334

‘Monument of Memphite theology’ (= ‘Shabaka Stone’) 42

Netherworld books 43

Pyramid Texts 3133, 35, 38, 43, 51, 60, 107, 130, 143, 144, 202, 203, 205, 206, 221, 230, 243, 259, 265, 281, 334, 335, 383, 433, 434, 436

Ramesseum E Papyrus 226, 237, 243

 

Artefacts and structures

ah (palace) 164

Anna, Saint (Faras fresco) 6, 57

Anubieion 47, 361

‘Apries Gateway’ 267

Aswan High Dam 55, 97

Bubasteion 40, 114

‘Dry Moat’ 20, 21, 29, 30, 172, 173, 174, 179, 194, 195, 201, ←472 | 473→ 206, 207, 216, 331, 346, 393, 399, 407, 408, 409, 416, 417, 421, 425, 428, 436

Gioconda (Leonardo da Vinci’s painting) 57

Iseum (= ‘Mother of Apis Catacombs’) 46

‘Joseph’s prison’ 48

Lower Necropolis (Saqqara) 255

Lykhnaption 364

Meret-Teti (temple), Meret temple of King Teti 142

Monastery of St. Jeremiah 48

Northern Necropolis (Cairo) 38

Office of the Saxon elector 49

Palace of Culture and Science (Warsaw) 436

‘Ptolemaic exedra’ (= ‘Ptolemaic hemicycle’) 45, 363, 437

‘Rosetta Stone’ 51

Serapeum 9, 19, 42, 44, 45, 46, 50, 51, 343, 361, 362, 363, 365, 366, 406, 411, 437, 439

Soma 366

South Tomb 30

‘South House’ 29

Upper Necropolis (Saqqara) 331, 332, 338, 343, 344349, 353, 360, 366, 390, 391, 396, 409411, 409, 426

 

Geographical names

Abu Simbel 41, 55

Abusir 35, 6162, 94, 151, 159

Abydos 2428, 36, 203204, 356, 400

Aphroditopolis 439

Africa 57, 60, 63, 80, 88, 233, 382

Alexandria 9, 48, 53, 55, 61, 71, 72, 73, 75, 78, 94, 98, 100, 365, 366, 435

Apollinopolis Magna 57

Asia 90, 392

Aswan 24, 118, 141, 281

Athribis 8, 6268, 71, 99, 202, 203

Atrepe 99

Atrib 8, 53, 62, 6571, 99, 102, 114, 115, 120

Austria 8, 54, 59

Benha 62, 63

Berenike 80

Bubastis 435, 440

Bulak 51

Busiris 260

Buto 38, 227

Cairo 19, 27, 48, 5154, 57, 59, 61, 66, 75, 93, 114, 117119, 199, 350, 363, 387, 392

Cardiff 47

Crete 367

Dahshur 50

Deir el-Bahari 55, 77, 8287, 100, 312

Dendera 24

Dongola 9, 80

Dresden 49

Eastern Desert 414

Edfu 9, 24, 5395

Egypt 79, 2226, 26, 28, 5366, 71, 75, 76, 77, 78, 83, 86, 87, 89, 95, 100, 106, 118, 119, 146, 160, 168, 200, 203204, 215, 224, 227, 244, 248, 306, 336, 338, 354, 364, 436

Elephantine 9, 24

England 51

Ephesus 294

Europe 48, 367, 389, 435

Faras 9, 53, 55, 56, 57, 60, 80, 98

Fayum 75, 98, 101

France 59, 63, 118

Gebelein 88

Germany 50

Gisr el-Mudir 27

Giza 23, 31, 37, 38. 51, 93, 101, 120, 237, 238, 241, 396

Greater Poland 88

Greece 70, 224, 364

Grenoble 63

←473 | 474→

Hamburg 34

Hawara 349

Heliopolis 28, 30, 334, 440

Hermopolis Magna 443

Holy Land 48, 49, 171

Hut-(ta)-heri-ib(et) (= Athribis, Atrepe, Atrib) 62, 99

Israel 94

Italy 50

Jordan 65

Kadero 88

Karnak 315

Khartoum 55, 57, 88

Knossos 367

Kom el-Dikka 55, 72

Kom Sidi Yusuf (= Sidi Yusuf) 64

Kraków 76, 89, 388

Książęca (street, Warsaw) 389

Kush 42

Lake Nasser (= Nubian Lake) 80

Leiden 39, 97

London 34, 69

Lower Egypt 18, 24, 26, 38, 39, 42, 62, 63, 89, 161, 171, 227, 354, 364, 434, 345

Luxor 8, 24, 40, 114, 118

Madaba 65

Madrid 97

Makuria 80

Manchester 351

Marea 78, 79

Marina el-Alamein 73, 76

Meidum 242

Memphis 8, 22, 2426, 29, 30, 3842, 44, 46, 60, 93, 147, 165, 242, 249, 267, 306, 331, 334, 348, 360, 364, 365, 406, 412, 426, 437, 439

Middle Egypt 40

Miodowa (street, Warsaw) 108

Naqloni 99

Naqlun 53, 75, 77, 98, 99, 370

Near East. 382

Netherlands 39, 97

New York 88, 97, 107

Nile 8, 19, 27, 23, 24, 28, 30, 31, 50

Nile Delta 8, 18, 62, 6364, 69, 87, 88, 89, 93, 114, 187, 205, 435

Nile Valley 9, 18, 5395

Nobadia 80

Nubia 41, 50, 55, 58, 60, 63, 80

Nubian Lake (= Lake Nasser) 80

Ombos 442

Pe 132

Philippi 47

Poland 55, 5860, 88, 102, 106, 118, 176, 364, 368, 370, 389, 407

Poznań 8889, 93, 351, 388

Red Sea 78, 107

Rome 224

Rosetta 51

Sahara 19

Sais 42, 227

Samos 249, 345

Saqqara 89, 1952, 5395

Sepa 171

Sidi Yusuf (= Kom Sidi Yusuf), hill in Tell Atrib 6466, 70

South America 205

Strasbourg 259

Sudan 9, 24, 43, 53, 55, 56, 57, 80, 81, 98

Sydney 34

Syria 9, 46

Szczecin 233

Świdnica 176

Tahrir (square, Cairo) 52

Tanis 435

Thebes 9, 24, 40, 41, 77, 78, 82, 82, 87, 88, 312, 405

Tell Atrib (= Athribis, Hut-(ta)-heri-ib(et)) 8, 6268, 71, 99, 202, 203

Tell Edfu (= Apollinopolis Magna) 53, 57, 60

Tell el-Amarna 40

Tell el-Farkha 8891, 93, 178

←474 | 475→

Tell Rataba 87

Third Cataract 81

Titicaca 205

United Christian Kingdom of Nubia 80

Upper Egypt 8, 9, 24, 25, 36, 50, 55, 57, 60, 62, 89, 203, 204, 248, 354, 435

United Kingdom 351

Valley of the Kings 40, 41, 85

Valley of the Queens 42, 406

Wadi Hammamat 414

Warsaw 5657, 61, 66, 93, 100, 102, 108, 122, 255, 303, 370, 382, 389, 407, 436

Western Desert 171, 260

Western Thebes 77, 78, 82, 87, 405

Woldenberg 101, 107

Zawyet El-Aryan 93, 94

←475 | 476→