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Contemporary Issues with Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Social Science

Edited By Engin ÇAKIR and Yusuf KADERLİ

Social sciences are made up of science disciplines that research humanity, society, and the world with a human dimension, and therefore its domain of influence is also serious and wide. Naturally, the social scientist has the power to influence society with his/her research and writing. This book aims to add the contributions of academicians from different disciplines to the social sciences fields they specialize in the academic literature and to give an idea about new researches. The book contains scientific articles on business, economics, public finance, tourism, and international relations.

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A Comparative Analysis of the Health Care Financing Models in the Context of Financing Sources and Health Coverage: Covid-19 Experience: Gulizar Seda Yilmaz

Gulizar Seda Yilmaz

Extract

Abstract The primary aim of this study is comparing health financing models in the context of coverage and financing during the pandemic. Because the financing of the healthcare services and population coverage for healthcare services are the main factors affecting the performance of the entire health system including the provision and accessibility of basic health services. Especially between-country differences in the process of combating the pandemic point out the necessity of comparing countries’ health systems according to the financing model they adopted. In this regard this study compares three basic models – the Bismarck model, the Beveridge model and the Private Health Insurance model- by using country-specific data such as population coverage for healthcare services, share of the public and out-of-pocket payments in the health expenditures, the measures on financing of the healthcare services and health coverage during the pandemic.

Keywords: Covid-19 Pandemic, Healthcare Financing Models, Health Insurance, Health Expenditures, Access to Health Services, Population Coverage

With the COVID-19 pandemic developing as a global threat, the provision and organization of health care services has become one of the most important issues in the world since the first quarter of 2020. Even though it is described globally, impact of the pandemic on countries have differed from one another. Differences between countries in access to health care services have become more visible. Covid-19 pandemic has raised questions about whether health systems ensure equitable access to healthcare during the excessive demand on health care services. When health systems are evaluated...

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