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Wort- und Formenvielfalt

Festschrift für Christoph Koch zum 80. Geburtstag. Unter Mitarbeit von Daniel Petit

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Edited By Anna Jouravel and Audrey Mathys

Die Festschrift ehrt Christoph Koch, Professor für Vergleichende und Indogermanische Sprachwissenschaft an der Freien Universität Berlin. Zu seinem 80. Geburtstag vereint der Band wissenschaftliche und persönliche Beiträge von Kollegen, Schülern und Freunden. Sie umfassen verschiedene Bereiche der historischen und modernen Sprachwissenschaften wie der Indogermanistik, der Byzantinistik, der Slavistik oder Baltistik, greifen kunsthistorische und editionsphilologische Fragestellungen auf und spiegeln somit das breite Spektrum der Interessens- und Forschungsgebiete des Jubilars wider.

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The Caland System as an explanatory device in Balto-Slavic etymology: A historical perspective

Marek Majer

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This article provides a brief overview of the Caland System (I) and its status within Balto-Slavic (II), summarizing some of the author’s recent research in the area (III). Subsequently, the bulk of the study (IV) attempts to gather, evaluate and synthesize the scattered Balto-Slavic examples of Caland morphology proposed in earlier literature.

In Indo-European studies, the term ‘Caland System’ (CS)1 denotes a set of derivational principles according to which PIE and early IE languages tended to encode property-concepts, states and other ‘prototypically adjectival’ meanings. The term as used today is only loosely connected to the original remarks by Dutch Iranist Willem Caland2, who noticed that Avestan adjectives derived with certain suffixes (e.g. -ra-) dropped this suffix when occurring as first compound members, instead adopting a stem in -i-: cf. Av. adj dərəz-ra- ‘strong’ vs. fcm dərəz-i-raθa- ‘having a strong chariot’. A similar rule was soon ←251 | 252→determined for Gr. (adj κῡδ-ρό-ς ‘glorious’ vs. fcm κῡδ-ι-άνειρα ‘making men glorious’); decades of further research3 gradually revealed that the above processes were but a part of a much wider array of such morphologized arbitrary rules, or at least tendencies, centered around prototypical adjectives. It was discovered that the elements participating in the system of ‘suffix exchange’ involved numerous items, the chief ones being: 1) positive degree adjectives in *-ro-, *-u-, *-o/ent- and others4; 2) comparative degree in *-yos- and superlative in *-isth2o-; 3) abstract nouns in *-es-, *-u-, *-i-, *-mon- and others5;...

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