Deutsche und koreanische Studien zu Epistemologie, Anthropologie, Ethik und Politischer Philosophie- German and Korean Studies in Epistemology, Anthropology, Ethics and Political Philosophy
Edited By Hong-Bin Lim and Georg Mohr
The contributions in this book are from a transcultural perspective and devoted to problems in epistemology, anthropology, ethics and political philosophy. Under the title Menschsein – On Being Human, Korean and German philosophers discuss topics to do with one world: universal and local discourses about culture and transculturality in the age of globalization, the role of religion, public rationality, transcultural justice, and the universality of human rights.
POLITIK, RECHT UND STAAT 341
Politik, Recht und Staat 343 Byung-Seok Son Polis and Cosmopolis1 1. Today, the worldwide tendency is toward globalization. As globalization is linked, especially, to new liberalism, its effect on economic strength is very powerful. This tendency can be applied to the European Community (EC), as the EC is considered to need its own solidarity or bond to enhance its economic strength, particularly against America’s economic hegemony, despite the many historical conflicts among the EC members. However, are economic factors the only sufficient condition for the birth of the EC? Given that the economic factors are considered as important, why isn’t China able to become a member of the EC? In addition to economic necessity, geographical approximation is also an important factor for a unitary community. Nevertheless, geographical advantage is not the decisive factor in determining one common organization, as the special relationship between the United States and Britain shows. I think that the cultural perspective is an important viewpoint to understand, not only the appearance of the EC, but also globalization in general. Accord- ingly, I postulate that the organization of the EC would be impossible in the absence of cultural and intellectual common foundations. That is the reason why I will specifically examine ancient Greek cosmopolitanism from the perspective of culture. For this purpose, this paper discusses three main topics. First, I investigate the theory of the Stoics’ cosmopolitanism and the theoretical nature on which the term cosmopolis can be ascribed by comparing it with Aristotle’s polis-centrism. Second, I...
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