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Application of Mandatory Rules in the Private International Law of Contracts

A Critical Analysis of Approaches in Selected Continental and Common Law Jurisdictions, with a View to the Development of South African Law

Kerstin Ann Susann Schäfer

The application of mandatory rules in private international law of contracts is a controversial topic of growing international concern. Legislatures are increasingly intervening in private contracts in order to protect the economic interests of state, or the interests of vulnerable groups, such as consumers or employees. This thesis addresses two major contexts in which the application of mandatory rules arises, namely the restriction of party autonomy by the application of certain mandatory rules of a law, other than the chosen law, and the application of internationally mandatory rules of the forum, the proper law and, most controversially, of a third country.
Approaches of academic writing, case law, legislature, and treaties in England, Germany and Switzerland are compared and critically analysed. Paying also attention to the legal situation in South Africa, the analysis results to provide guidelines for the application of mandatory rules in private international law of contracts.

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Table of cases 357

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Table of cases English cases (Including other common law countries) Antares (Nos 1 and 2), The 1987 1 Lloyd’s Rep 424 Attorney-General for the United Kingdom v Wellington Newspapers Ltd 1988 1 NZLR 129 (CA New Zealand) Attorney-General (UK) v Heinemann Publishers Australia (1988) 165 CLR 30 (High Court Of Australia) Attorney-General of New Zealand v Ortiz 1984 AC 1 (CA and HL) Banque des Merchands des Moscou (No 2), Re 1954 1 WLR 1108 Boissevain v Weil 1950 AC 327; 1950 1 All ER 728 (HL) British Nylon Spinners v Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd 1955 Ch 37; 1953 Ch 19 (CA) Brodin A/R v Seljan 1973 S.C. 213 (Outer House, Court of Session) Coast Lines Ltd Hudig & Veder Cartering NV 1972 1 All ER 451 De Béeche v South American Stores Ltd 1935 AC 148; 1934 All ER Rep 284 De Wutz v Hendriks (1824) 2 Bing. 314 Dynamit A/G Rio Tinto Co 1918 AC 260 (HL) Emery’s Investment Trust, Re 1959 Ch 410 English v Donnelly 1958 SC 494; (1959) SLT 2 (Court of Session Scotland) Euro-Diam Ltd v Brathurst 1990 1 QB 1; 1988 2 WLR 517; 1988 1 Lloyd’s Rep 228 (CA); 1987 2 All ER 113 Foster v Driscoll 1929 1 KB 470 (CA); 1928 All ER Rep 130 Grell v Levy (1864) 10 CB (NS) 73 Golden Acres Ltd v Queensland Estates Pty Ltd 1969 QdR 378 Government of India v Taylor 1955 AC 491 Helbert Wagg & Co Ltd, Re 1956 Ch 323;...

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