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Language Contact and Vocabulary Enrichment

Scandinavian Elements in Middle English


Isabel Moskowich

The Scandinavian presence all over Europe during the so-called Viking Age is well documented and England is not an exception. However, the influence of their language on the development of English has not always been well interpreted. This volume aims at deciphering the reality behind the legend of a raiding heathen nation. By resorting to the evidence provided by language, the book explores and tries to reconstruct the social networks formed by both the English and Scandinavians. Their relations, needs and lives are inextricably intermingled with the hybrid tongue they adapted for communication and which has largely come down to us in what we know as English.


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Appendix: Abreviations of cited texts and manuscripts


Appendix Abreviations of cited texts and manuscripts * References to titles and incipits have not been included here due to their extension. For fur- ther details, see Kurath et al. (eds.) (1956-1963: 23-105). 1.Manuscripts and manuscript collections Acland-Hood Sir Alexander Acland-Hood, formerly. Add British Museum, Additional. Adv Advocates Library, Edinburgh. Aldh Lord Aldenham (= Sir Henry Gibbs), formerly. Antq Society of Antiquaries, London. Arms College of Arms (including a group of Arundel MSS). Army Army Medical Library, Washington. Arun British Museum, Arundel. AS All Soul’s College, Oxford. Ashb Ashburnham, formerly. Ashm Bodleian Library, Ashmole. Auch Auchinleck MS (= Adv 19.2.1, with fragments in Ednb-U 218). Aug British Museum, Cotton Augustus. Bal Balliol College, Oxford. Barl Bodleian Library, Barlow. Bedf Bedford MS (= Add 36983). Bil Billyng MS, present location unknown. Bod Bodleian Library, Bodley. BodAdd Bodleian Library, Additional. BodeMus Bodleian Library, e Museo. BodKCh Bodleian Library, Kent Charters. BodLTh Bodleian Library, Latin Theology. BodLtrg Bodleian Library, Liturgy. BodPoet Bodleian Library, Engl. Poet. BodR Bodleian Library, Bodley Rolls. BodTh Bodleian Library, English Theology. Bridg Bridgwater Corporation. Brist-U University of Bristol. Brm Boke of Brome, formerly at Brome Hall. Brsn Brasenose College, Oxford. Brussels Royal Library, Brussels. Burton Preb. John R. Burton. Butler-Bowdon Col. Butler-Bowdon. Cai Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge. Calth Lord Calthorpe (= Yelverton). Carla Earl of Carlisle (formerly at Castle Howard). CC Christ Church College, Oxford. Chal Challoner MS, present ownership unknown. Chet Chetham Library, Manchester. ChrC-Dub Christ Church, Dublin. ChU University of Chicago. Cld British Museum, Cotton Claudius. 142 Appendix Cleo British Museum, Cotton...

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