Policies and Practices
Edited By Yasemin Bayyurt and Yesim Bektas Cetinkaya
Introduction (Yasemin Bayyurt/ Yeşim Bektaş-Çetinkaya)
17 Introduction Yasemin Bayyurt, Boğaziçi University Yeşim Bektaş-Çetinkaya , Dokuz Eylul University In this age of globalization, the psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and pedagogi- cal (methods, materials, and similar) aspects of English language teaching have been attracting ever-increasing attention in the field (e.g., Borg, 2006; Braine, 1999; Byram, 1998; Edge, 2006; Grabe, 1991; Jenkins, 2007; Kramsch, 1993; Kumaravadivelu, 2008; Norton, 2000). The most important reason for this is that English is an international means of communication, used by 1.5 bil- lion people around the world for both instrumental and integrative purposes (Alptekin, 2002; Brutt-Griffler, 2002; Crystal, 2003; Jenkins, 1998; Kachru, 1992; McKay, 2002; Pakir, 1999; Pennycook, 1994; Phillipson, 1992; Strevens, 1992; Widdowson, 1994). An increasing number of universities, especially in the USA, either provide seminars regarding the uses of English in international contexts, or on how effective methodologies can be developed for teaching an international language – i.e., English – and what can be done to train future English language teachers to teach English to future users of such a global language. According to Nayar’s (1997) clarification of the terminological confusion about English language teaching in different geographical regions of the World – i.e., English as Second Language (ESL) contexts as opposed to English as Foreign Language (EFL) contexts, as well as English as Additional Language (EAL) con- texts – Turkey clearly falls within the context of English as a Foreign Language. There are, however, very few edited volumes about English language teaching in countries like Turkey, where English is taught as...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.