Governing Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Innovation in South Korea
2 Towards an integrative conceptual framework
The purpose o f this chapter is to put forward the elements o f the theoretical framework of analysis. It is divided in two sections. The first part presents the building blocks o f a framework to analyse the dynamics o f sectoral systems as constitutive for the transformative dynamics of national systems of innovation. The second part focuses on aspects o f institutional transformation, in particular the extent to which changing knowledge production and authority relationships are driving the institutional reconfiguration process that are taking place in latecomer innovation systems. Korea is moving beyond a linear model of knowledge production and use. The chapter, which is based on a critical review o f the literature that is grounded in diverse strands o f sociological, institutional, organisational, and evolutionary theorising, provides the conceptual frame that enables the description o f the evolving structures of the Korean biotechnology innovation system. The two sections bridge the gap between two bodies o f literature: The first briefly recapitulates the theoretical debates that have shaped the formulation o f the concept o f national innovation systems and its subsequent differentiations, with a particular focus on the role o f the three major concepts that have separately evolved and contributed to defining the socio-technical constituency and sectoral dynamics of innovation systems: (1) Sectoral systems o f innovation, (2) technological systems, and (3) socio-technical networks. Although the innovation systems literature provides no coherent theory, the different strands of literature suggest that the diversity o f approaches...
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