Governing Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Innovation in South Korea
5 Evolving structures and dynamics of Korea’s innovation system for biotechnology
This chapter provides an analysis o f the institutional conditions and dynamics that shape the evolution o f the Korean sectoral pathway o f biotechnology development from a systems perspective. While the building o f a sectoral system is dependent on the configuration o f the national institutional framework to structure the effective management o f stocks and flows o f knowledge, the analysis centres upon the coordinative role o f the state in promoting sectoral innovation capabilities in biotechnology as well as on the evolving differentiation o f functions o f public and private actors engaged in the inherently uncertain environment o f biotechnology innovation and technology commercialisation. The chapter is divided in three parts. The first part starts with a brief historical review o f Korean biotechnology policies, focusing on the evolution of early frameworks to promote the emerging bioindustry and state-led initiatives to involve the private sector in collaborative biotechnology-related R&D activities. Actors and structures in policymaking and programme management are presented and the evolving division o f labour within the operating structure of the Korean national system o f biotechnology promotion is analysed. The second part discusses the framework conditions affecting the rate and direction of innovation in biotechnology. The recent reform o f the regulatory regime for intellectual property protection in public research organisations is outlined, the status o f bio-safety and bioethics-related laws and regulations is discussed, and the key issues o f the reform o f health policy regulations are presented. To...
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