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The Adjective as an Adjunctive Predicative Expression

A Semantic Analysis of Nominalised Propositional Structures as Secondary Predicative Syntagmas

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Dorota Szumska

The analysis is a contribution to contemporary linguistics, particularly the theory of syntax, semantics and pragmatics. Within the theoretical framework of predicate-argument syntax (also known as semantic syntax), the author analyses the role of the adjective as an adjunctive predicative expression. The aim of the research is to create a description of an adjective which could be prospectively useful as a point of departure for analyses of phenomena analogous from the communication point of view in other languages. The book contains a rich text material and a large number of valuable pragmatic insights into Polish nominal syntagmas with an adjective.

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List of Abbreviations and Symbols

Extract

AdjCPE – adjectival exponent of a constitutive predicate AdjIE – adjectival indexical expression AdjNCPE – adjectival exponent of a non-constitutive predicate AdjNP – basic noun phrase (nominal group) with an adjectival accessory component AdjPE – adjectival predicative expression AdjTD – adjectival transpositional derivative E – surface elimination of a surface structure component NPE – nominal (noun) predicative expression p – first-order predicate P – second-order predicate PNP – polypropositional noun phrase IP – internal predicate) (p), (q) – (non-object) propositional arguments R – rhematic component at the first t-r partition level r – rhematic component at a lower level than the first t-r partition r! – rhematic accent +Rest/-Rest – reversibility/irreversibility of surface elimination of a correlate of a component of the propositional structure PAS – predicative-argument structure T – thematic component at the first t-r partition level t – thematic component at a lower level than the first t-r partition level t-r – thematic-rhematic CEp/q – complement expression of propositional arguments CEx/y/z/v – complement expression of object arguments x, y, z, v – object arguments VPE – verbal predicative expression, exponent of a predicate PEDE – a predicative expression which is the exponent of descriptive-evaluative contents PEE – a predicative expression which is the exponent of. evaluative contents PAE – predicative-argument expression (the implemented form, the surface PAS) PAE+ – overcoded predicative-argument expression PAE- – undercoded predicative-argument expression OE – endophoric vacancy in the surface-syntactic position of the PAS component with a specific, contextually defined value ØG – non-contextual definite vacancy with a generic value ØN – non-contextual indefinite vacancy with a specific value ØCOMP – compression OCON – condensation +/ – prefix on expressions which carry a positive evaluation -/ – prefix on expressions which...

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